Posted: March 21st, 2022



PICOT QUESTION: In patients, what is the effect of bedside report in comparison to phone report on patient outcomes in a period of six weeks?

Full reference for article (APA Format) Purpose Research Method Participants Data Collection Study Findings Limitations Relevance to PICOT
Rush, S. (2014). Bedside reporting: Dynamic dialogue. Nursing Management, 43(1), 40-40. doi:10.1097/

The study focused on increasing patient satisfaction and safety
through bedside reporting at Catholic Healthare West (CHW).

Qualitative Research

Participants included hospital staff, leaders, and patients. Nurse supervisors observed bedside reporting at change of shift. They then filled out a questionnaire that had to be checked off to ensure bedside reporting was done correctly. Bedside reporting made a positive impact in the hospital. Its success was witnessed by nurse leadership rounding on patients in the hospital.

The sample of participants was small and only one department of the hospital was used. The findings conclude the positive outcomes on patient satisfaction with bedside reporting.
Lu, S., Kerr, D., & McKinlay, L. (2014). Bedside nursing handover: Patients’ opinions. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 20(5), 451-459. doi:10.1111/ijn.12158
Evidence proves bedside reporting is beneficial. This study tries to develop a protocol for nurses to follow when shift report is given at bedside.

Qualitative research.

A sample of 30 admitted, consenting patients were used. The patients were admitted to one of the three departments where the process of bedside report had been implemented for at least one year.

All data was collected from the answers from the patients through audio-recorded interviews. A research assistant and a registered nurse were present in the interview. Four essential components came out of the study. Some regarded patient feelings and some regarded possible changes. Patients felt bedside reporting was ‘effective and personalized’ (1). They felt empowered in their care (2). Some felt their privacy was at jeopardy (3), thus allowing for training (4) in this sensitive matter.

The study was limited to three departments in the hospital and no clear generalizability came out of it. Sample collected was small.

Patients feel a sense of empowerment when having some control over their plan of care. It is important for staff to have training in proper communication and sensitive topics at bedside.

Schirm, V., Banz, G., Swartz, C., & Richmond, M. (2018). Evaluation of bedside shift report: A research and evidence-based practice initiative. Applied Nursing Research, 40, 20–25.

The purpose of the study was to assess the nurses’ point of view regarding bedside reporting (BSR).

Qualitative Research A survey for a 15-item questionnaire and some open- ended questions. Out of 2705 nurses that received the survey, 791 nurses took part in.

Data from the 15-item questionnaire was assessed and analyzed.

Feelings and satisfaction about BSR varied by the unit the RN worked in. Changes to BSR may be required in order to promote success.

This study to evaluate nurses’ perceptions of BSR was limited to only one point. The unpredictable setting created variability in implementing BSR.

Bedside reporting can be beneficial but can vary from nurse to nurse interaction and nurse to patient interaction, depending on the acuity of the unit.
Yu, M., Lee, H., Sherwood, G., & Kim, E. (2018). Nurses’ handoff and patient safety culture in perinatal care units: Nurses’ handoff evaluation and perception of patient safety culture at delivery room and neonatal unit in south korea. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 27(7-8), 1450. doi:10.1111/jocn.14260

The purpose of this study was to observe and evaluate the method of the handoff process between nurses at change of shift in delivery rooms and neonatal units.

Cross‐sectional descriptive study.

Participants included 291 nurses.

The nurses completed a self‐reporting questionnaire. Their responses were collected and analyzed for demographic data and what is currently done at bedside for patient reporting. Nurses’ responses were evaluated using descriptive statistics.

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