Posted: February 10th, 2022

How To Write PICO Question

How To Write PICO Question

Looking for an in-depth guidance on how to construct a PICO question? If you’re a nursing student, look no further. Academic papers indicate a major period of time, and especially when they are your final papers, they mark the end of your current academic quest. But before we get too excited about graduation day, let’s figure out how to get some A scores. To be honest, nursing is not considered to be one of the easiest courses available in today’s curriculum, but it is considered to be one of the most lucrative around the world. This is why you shouldn’t take any chances at all; instead, you should focus on honing your abilities in order to be at the top of your profession. Today, our nursing essay writers will guide you through a series of PICO questions, and if you are reading this, I can almost guarantee that you are stuck on a particular subject or are looking for further information on it. Then let’s not spend any more time and get right into it, because by the end of this, you will be a professional-level writer in your PICO question, guaranteed.

PICO is a mnemonic that stands for Patient, Problem or Population, Intervention, Comparison or Control, and Outcome, and it is used to remember important information. Essentially, it is divided into these four sections, and it is through this four-section classification that we will approach the subject. Evidence-based papers are difficult to complete without a question framework, but, let’s face it, they have to be completed at some point. That is why evidence-based practitioners employ PICO to construct a framework from which they can work from. Essentially, this is the foundation of your work because it establishes all of the essential foundations that are required for you to construct an evidence-based paper.

When writing an evidence-based paper, you must start with either an established thesis or with a hypothesis that you believe is valid. Now, this is the source of your thesis question, which you will be attempting to prove over the course of your paper, so pay attention to it. The thesis statement is essentially the assertion that guides you throughout the dissertation and the statement that you are attempting to either prove or disprove throughout the document. Without this, writing an evidence-based report will appear to be equivalent to driving without a destination. This can simply be referred to as the map and compass that runs throughout your entire document because it instructs you how to maneuver and how far you need to travel in each direction. Let’s first split down PICO into its four interdependent pieces in order to determine what we’ll need to come up with in order to develop a solid thesis argument. Remember that the primary goal of this entire process is to develop well-constructed clinical questions that can be of benefit not only to patients, but also to clinicians who are involved in the process. The questions must be properly-phrased in such a way that the search for answers is made easier, as well as relevant to the patient’s difficulties. When you have ticked off all of these boxes, you can be confident that you are on the right course.

Write a PICO question in the correct format.


Tips for Choosing the Subjects for Your Nursing Research Paper

In layman’s terms, population simply refers to the number of people who live in a specific geographic location under the same conditions.. This, on the other hand, can be generalized or tailored to a certain group. The population can also be segmented in order to devote a subset of the overall number under investigation to the subject under consideration in retrospect. However, in nursing, I want you to consider factors such as age, gender, socioeconomic status, occupation, medical records, ethnicity, and, perhaps most crucially, the nature of the patient’s complaint. In most cases, all of these aspects are intertwined in some manner.

After years of research, it has been shown that persons with comparable conditions tend to have something in common, and as a result, they are graded in the same demographic group sample as those with different illnesses. Essentially, what is covered under population health will trickle down all the way from the generalizing level to the level of the specific patient. I like to think of this step of the inquiry as the ‘who’ stage since it requires you to strive to comprehend your patient as you progress through the therapy process.


Intervention simply refers to the point at which you enter the patient’s world; it is the point at which you intervene between them and the disease. Essentially, this is the point at which you must ask yourself, “What do you want to do with this patient?” It could be a range of different sources of action, such as a therapeutic measure, a change in lifestyle, medication, a diagnostic test, or even a surgical intervention, among others.


The PICO method is highly dependent on each individual entry and is set up to function as a sort of cycle at this point; you will receive information from the population and intervention for the comparison at this point in the process. The intervention is being compared to another treatment, diagnostic test, placebo, or even a medicine, in essence. This proves to be extremely effective because it allows you to enjoy the sensation of being precise. You have the ability to eliminate possibilities, which prevents you from enjoying the pleasure of being misled by a mistake. When you recognize that there is nothing to compare it to, however, this should not be a problem. When there is no comparison, it should be a problem.


What results do you hope to find after studying the population/patient, interfering, and comparing the results of the two experiments? What are your expectations for the results? As a result, I think of the outcome as the stage in which outcomes are obtained or demonstrated. The outcome method is based on a thorough investigation of statistical findings, which makes it extremely effective and accurate. You should be able to determine what risks are involved in this by conducting a rigorous testing process on ALL statistical data that has been provided. And, more importantly, are there any adverse effects, and will you see the results you are hoping for?

You can look at the outcome from two different perspectives: either from the patient’s point of view or from the disease-oriented point of view, depending on how you choose to look at things. It’s possible that they all point to different outcomes, but they’re all correct. Occasionally, a mixture of both outcomes is presented in order to provide a conclusive report.

a time limit

The timescale is something that most people tend to underestimate, but in the more thorough structures of PICO(T), it is frequently included. This, on the other hand, is not as critical as the other three parts of the equation. The time frame is primarily concerned with data collecting and the provision of an estimated time of completion. In some cases, the amount of time spent can be quite important in determining the extent of the condition as well as its progression. Some disorders have a tendency to ‘graduate’ with time, resulting in less symptoms.

However, during the course of this process, there may be other questions that arise that have a direct impact on the outcome as a whole. There is a question in the background and a question in the foreground type of setup. It is intended that you learn more about the disease and patient so that you are aware of what you are dealing with and how to spot potential problems, whereas it is intended that you learn more about how to make clinical decisions in the forefront questions. During the background question setup, you can ask questions about the disease as well as about other topics such as the disease process, how it began, and so on. How did you feel at the time? What signs and symptoms were present? And, more importantly, what did you do? We can’t afford to overlook the reality that some patients use home remedies that may or may not have a direct impact on their sickness, regardless of how frequently the symptoms recurred.

Furthermore, the questions in the forefront can be divided into four additional categories.


Many individuals would consider therapy to be merely a medical procedure that aids in the recovery from a medical condition. It is possible that it is physical, mental, or emotional in nature. However, in this instance, these are treatment-related issues that have been raised in order to attain a certain objective. It can include everything from surgical intervention to medicines, counseling, lifestyle changes, diet changes, and many other things in the same line of thinking. All of these questions, however, change based on the demographic and a variety of other characteristics.


The diagnosis of an illness in a patient who is exhibiting certain symptoms is, in essence, the recognition of the disorder. The diagnosis is one of the first variables to consider before anything else because it serves as the foundation for your study and provides specifics that allow you to limit down the range of potential candidates significantly. Even though the symptoms of sickness A and disease B are nearly related, there are some distinguishing characteristics that make it evident which condition you are dealing with. The diagnosis narrows the large number of alternatives down to a small number of specifics.


Getting to understand the progression of a disease is of high importance to any clinical officer. Having the opportunity to question about the probability of the disease occurring or how far it has progressed could prove to be considerably more beneficial than you could have imagined in many ways. It distinguishes between medication and the treatment programs that must be followed. This is referred to as prognosis in the medical field. You will be asking certain questions to your patient in order to point out certain specifics and obtain as much information as possible during this process. Remember, all information related to the disease is valuable.


Etiology is basically questions of the negative impact that could have resulted from an external exposure or any other intervention of any sort. They help you identify your starting point as it can pinpoint what works for your patient that does not work for the rest. It can also help you out to know if you are supposed to pick up from a point previously left or start over the process by remedying previous interventions.


Prevention, just as time, is included in extensive study and this helps establish how you can prevent this from happening again or better how to curb its spreading. It is often pointed out that when placed on the PICO framework strategy, you have to explore all possibilities of the patients’ health condition, a preventive measure that can be taken, a preventive measure and the outcome expected from this. This can comprise of mortality rate, bed rest and productivity.

How To Write PICO Question Like Professional Nurses

Question Type Population patient Problem Intervention Comparison Outcome Measures


Patient’s disease or condition.

Therapeutic measure. Medication, surgical intervention, or life style change. Standard care, placebo or another intervention. Mortality rate, pain, disability number of days off work.


General health condition and Patient’s risk factors.

A preventive measure, medication or lifestyle change.

Another preventative measure OR maybe not applicable.

Mortality rate, disease incidence number of days off work.

Diagnosis Condition or Specific disease.

Procedure or a diagnostic test.

Current “reference standard” test for that disease or condition.

Measures of the test utility, specificity sensitivity, odds ratio.


Duration and severity of clinical problem.

estimated usual time or expected time frame

Usually not applicable.

Mortality rates, Survival rates, rates of disease progression.


Patient’s risk factors, general health condition, or current health disorders

The intervention or exposure of interest. Includes an indication of the strength of the risk factor and the duration of the exposure. Usually not applicable. Mortality rates, Survival rates, rates of disease progression.

With this background that covers all the basics on PICO papers right from breaking it down into its specific parts, doing your background and foreground evaluation and not forgetting to match them to the PICO strategy, then you are ready to formulate your question. Easy, right!!! Studying has never been this easy and given that you have access to tons of information, both extracted and raw access then you can never go wrong

For you to do a conclusive evidence-based paper (EBP) you will need to have a clear outline that will guide you all through. In this case, you will need to take care of even the nitty-gritty of your research which will require a thesis question which provides the framework of your whole paper. The PICO point of view is always the safest to go with and is highly recommended all around the world. However, it may need intensive research on it as well. An experts eye on the paper is always an added advantage, remember you can always have a qualified writer to ‘guide your pen’ through the PICO question and evidence practice based paper. As I always say, you have to get the best out of everything, and I believe this should not be any different.

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