EvansHUM 2210 REVIEW SHEET EXAM 1 LISTS
1. Options that establish a society as "civilized"a. Agriculture (irrigation) and breeding of animals = surplus meals (goats, peig, cattle, sheep). Wheat, barley, rice, and maize. (Sci&Tech- polish stone instruments. Ex: stone sickles)
b. Cities: giant residence settlements= customary structure & surplus manpower
c. Writing (“presents of the gods”)= information. Pictograph, ideogram, cuneiform.
d. Establishments for centralized & inherited energy . - Priesthood for centralized sacred ritual - Kingship for centralized political and social construction (Paraoh= kings in Egypt) .2. Geographical areas of early civilizations (Hooked up)
three. Ages of early Greek mythology to Ovid ( Poet of Metamorphoses)a. Origin of people: sacred clay (sensible and rulers) blood of titans (murderous and criminals), and stones(endurance)
b. four ages as decline: Golden (peace), Silver (seasons &farming), Bronze (struggle), Iron (mining, deforestation, crime).four. Dominant and alternate cultural themes within the Iliad Viewers: upper-class males Function: cultural propaganda.
Greek Heros= fashions of braveness & ability to males (what to be) & girls (what to look for- sense of safety). a. Dominant Theme: warrior code of private honor and glory b. Contrasting themes: Household precept, easy nation life vs. struggle, admiration of enemies. 5. Literary works by Homer Blind poet Homer - represents the end result of a protracted and vigorous custom during which oral recitation—presumably to instrumental accompaniment—was a well-liked type of leisure. Iliad, Odyssey.
6. Main column sorts in Greek structure (know the elements) a. Doric: Plan initiatives energy, energy. Helpful for king or state intimidate?
Temple to highly effective gods. b. Ionic: elegant, refined. Helpful for gods and folks of knowledge. Libraries. c. Corinthian: extra refined. Tasks wealth and energy that comes with it. Helpful to imperial Rome to intimidate and amaze. Makes the emperor or state look all highly effective, even when they aren’t! [pic]
7. Main elements of architectural buildings on the Acropolis of Athens (Metropolis on the hills. Ex: Propyleia & Parthenon) a. Propylaia: Monumental entrance because the gate/threshold into the sacred hill. b. Athena Nike: shrine to Athena as goddess of victory. Guardian of the hill. c. Parthenon (the Virgin) East Pediment (entrance): beginning of Athena. Born from the pinnacle of Zeus= instinct. Female precept of knowledge, sacred chicken is the one. - West Pediment (again): Competitors between Athena & Poseidon for Athens. Ancestors selected Athen’s reward for the olive tree= they most popular to struggle. Athenians all sheer this knowledge and want for peace. - The metopes (framed carvings on either side): the victories over the Amazons, centaurs, giants, and Trojans/Persians = justice prevails over brute power, aggression.
eight. Main philosophers of the Greek Classical and Hellenistic durations Greek Classical: a. Ethical: Socrates Dialectic Methodology= important strategy. Query & reply seek for “Fact” - “Information is advantage” & “to know the great is to do the great. ” - “The unexamined life is just not value dwelling” - “Produced skeptics (solely consider what is totally sure) & agnostics (don’t consider what is just not recognized for sure). b. Social: Plato - Pupil of Socrates; Based Academy in Athens, 387 B. C. - Idea of Varieties: the place is “Fact”: uncanning, state Degree four: Information= certainties Degree three: Considering= math geometry abstracts Decrease Ranges: Opinions Degree 2: Beliefs (“Materials world is true gone. ) Degree 1: Imaginings (“Pictures [art] = actuality) - Allegory of the Cave. Fact is painful. c. Logic: Aristotle - Pupil of Plato, based college in Athens, 335 B. C. - Organized pure sciences into biology, zoology, botany - Idea of Universals: Inductive Science: Universals found from particulars, subsequently finding out the fabric world can (solely) produce universals/ absolutes. Plato’s dualism devalued examine of fabric world. - Deductive/Formal Logic for ethics and science Hellenistic: a. Epicuranism - Founder: Epicurus (341-271 B. C. ) Atomist: all matter made up of atoms so all varieties are random; no controls - No afterlife: dying= finish; no judgment - Absolute free will: every creates personal future; absolute individuality - Purpose of life: Pleasure (hedone> hedonism) *particular person pleasure -> society would crush Pleasure: absence of ache. Ache < unhappy needs. Minimal needs > Peace & pleasure; concord = settlement between needs and success. Lifetime of Moderation (Ex: bank card vs. money funds). b. Stoicism *Resistance trigger ache, study to dwell the Stoic life. - Founder: Zeno (334-262 B. C. ) Social Logos (=Heraclitus): All pure and society managed by cause. The future of 1 is the FOR THE GOOD OF THE WHOLE. Happiness < accepting one’s future. - Struggling < resisting predestined life - Stoic Purpose: Evenness, dispassionate= no pleasure in success, no sorrow in failure. - Brotherhood of Man: Logos Lives in every part and everybody as hearth DEFINITION (know the fundamental that means or reference of every time period) -Polytheism/monotheism: the assumption in lots of gods/ the assumption in just one god. - Put up & lintel: the only kind or architectural building, consisting of vertical members (posts) and supporting horizontals (lintels). Caste System: a inflexible social stratification in India based mostly on variations in wealth, rank, or occupation. - Muse/muses: music - Ziggurat: a terraced tower of rubble and brick that served historical Mesopotamians as a temple-shrine. - Pharaoh: title of Egyptian king. - Dialectic: question-and- reply fashion (Socrates) - Animism: the assumption that the forces of nature are inhibited by spirits. - Homeopathic: energy infused based mostly on likeness or imitation. *exaggerates someday. - Hellenistic: adopted by the Classical period; the mixing of Greek, African, and Asian cultures. - Pantheism: the assumption that a divine spirit pervades all issues in universe. Contagion: energy transferred by contact. - Stoic Logos: Seminal Cause, by means of which all issues got here to be, by which all issues have been ordered, and to which all issues returned. - Fantasy: story kind (poetry) vs. philosophy or scientific rationalization; sometimes involving gods and ancestors with supernatural energy. Function: to order universe and society. - Ethnocentric: the assumption within the inherent superiority of 1's personal ethnic group or tradition. - Epicureanism: Happiness relying on avoiding all types of bodily extra; valued plain dwelling and the proper union of physique and thoughts.
Gods performed no half in human life, and dying was nothing greater than the rearrangement of atoms which the physique and all of nature consist. - Covenant: contract; the bod between the Hebrew folks and their god. - Yin/Yang: the precept, which historical Chinese language emperors referred to as “the muse of your complete universe,” interprets all nature because the dynamic product of two interacting cosmic forces, or modes of power, generally configured as twin interpenetrating shapes enclosed inside a circle. Yang- male precept: lightness, hardness, brightness, heat, and the solar. Ying- feminine precept: darkness, softness, moisture, coolness, the earth. Metope: the sq. panel between the beam ends beneath the roof of a construction. - Plato’s Idea of Varieties:the place is “Fact”? Above: excellent world of varieties: originals, absolute, uncanning state. Under: imperfect world of matter: copies, altering, opinions. - Ultimate tragedy: hero’s life modifications from fortune to misfortune as a result of mental error. - Pediment: the triangular house forming the gable of a two-pitched roof in Classical structure; any related triangular kind discovered over a portico, door, or window. - Epic Historical past: a protracted narrative poem that recounts the deeds of a legendary or historic hero in his quest for that means or id.
IDENTIFICATION: Know who or what every refers to -Venus Collectible figurines: sympathetic & contagious magic for fertility of nature and people. -Stone Henge: sacred house; limitation of celestial world? Solar and moon for his or her fertility energy? -Parthenon: the excellent architectural achievement of Golden Age Athens -Gate of Ishtar: one of many eight gates of the inside metropolis of Babylon (most important entrance), was constructed in the course of the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar II (604- 562 BC), after he burned Jerusalem. Place to begin for Nebuchadnezzar II, after he purchased the dominion of Judah to an finish; he desires to beautify the capital. Achilles: Achaean (Greek) hero of the Trojan Warfare, the central character and the best warrior of Homer's Iliad. -Plato: Wrote the well-known treatise, Republic. Classical Greek thinker, mathematician, scholar of Socrates, author of philosophical dialogues, and founding father of the Academy in Athens. -Hammurapi: sixth king of Babylon, recognized for the set of legal guidelines referred to as Hammurabi's Code, one of many first written codes of regulation in recorded historical past. -Athena: goddess of knowledge and struggle. -Sophocles: second of the good tragedians, developed his plots by means of the actions of the characters.
He modified the ceremonial formality of earlier Greek tragedies by individualizing the characters and introducing moments of nice psychological intimacy. Antigone -Confucius ?? : Chinese language trainer, editor, politician, and thinker of the Spring and Autumn Interval of Chinese language historical past. The philosophy of Confucius emphasised private and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. -Zeus: the highly effective sky god. -Epicurus: Greek thinker who advocated Epicuranism. -Moses: the chief who led the Hebrews throughout the Crimson Sea. -Antigone: A tragic play wrote by Sophocles.
Proceed from the final section of the historical past of Thebes. The play offers with many points: obligation to household (era) vs. obligation to state/regulation; feminine willpower vs. male authority (gender) -Homer: poet who wrote Iliad and Odyssey -Aristotle: Pupil of Plato, Aristotle's writings have been the primary to create a complete system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality, aesthetics, logic, science, politics, and metaphysics. -Zeno: Founding father of Stoicism. MAP (be capable to match the tradition with its geography) 2. Nile r. / Jerusalem/Egypt three. Euphrates r. / Tigris r. Persia /Babylon/ Mesopotamia four. Olympus /Athens/ Aegean Sea/ Greece [pic]