Publish on a minimum of three separate days. This week our most important dialogue will concentrate on explaining and evaluating the utilitarian moral idea as mentioned in Chapter three of the textbook. Your teacher shall be selecting the dialogue query and posting it as the primary submit within the most important dialogue discussion board. The necessities for the dialogue this week embody the next:
You could start posting by Day three (Thursday).
You could submit a minimal of 4 separate posts on a minimum of three separate days (e.g., Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday, or Thursday, Friday, and Sunday, or Thursday, Saturday, and Monday, and so on.).
The entire mixed phrase depend for your whole posts, counted collectively, must be a minimum of 600 phrases, not together with references.
You could reply all of the questions within the immediate and present proof of having learn the sources which can be required to finish the dialogue correctly (reminiscent of by utilizing quotes, referring to particular factors made in the textual content, and so on.).
As a way to fulfill the posting necessities for the week, posts should be made by Day 7 (Monday); posts made after Day 7 are welcome however won't depend towards the necessities.
Be sure you reply to your classmates and teacher. You might be inspired to learn posts your teacher makes (even when they don't seem to be in response to your personal submit) and reply to these as a approach of analyzing the concepts in larger depth.
All postings (together with replies to friends) are anticipated to be thought out, proofread for mechanical, grammatical, and spelling accuracy, and to advance the dialogue in an clever and significant approach (i.e., saying one thing like “I actually loved what you needed to say” won't depend). You might be additionally inspired to do exterior analysis and quote from that as effectively.
To make sure that your preliminary submit begins its personal distinctive thread, do not reply to this submit. As a substitute, please click on the "Reply" hyperlink above this submit.
Please learn the overall dialogue necessities above, in addition to the bulletins explaining the dialogue necessities and answering essentially the most incessantly requested questions. If you're nonetheless uncertain about how to proceed with the dialogue, please reply to a kind of bulletins or contact your teacher.
After studying Chapter three of the textbook, contemplate the next situation, taken from “Going Deeper: The Trolley Downside”:
What if you happen to might save 5 lives in a approach that leads to the demise of a single individual? If the general penalties have been the identical, would it not matter if you happen to have been deliberately harming that individual or not? This downside is raised by the thinker Philippa Foot (2002c) in her well-known “trolley downside.”
Think about that you're a standing subsequent to a railroad observe, and a runaway prepare is careening down the observe. Within the path of the prepare are 5 employees (let’s suppose they can not escape the trail of the prepare; maybe they're in the course of an extended, slender bridge excessive above a ravine). You understand that if the prepare continues on its path, it should definitely kill these 5 employees.
Nonetheless, you see that there's a sidetrack, and on the sidetrack is a single employee. Let’s additionally suppose that that if the prepare goes onto the sidetrack, that single employee shall be killed.
Because it occurs, you might be standing subsequent to a lever that may ship the prepare onto the sidetrack. Due to this fact, you might be confronted with a call: to pull the lever and ship the prepare to the sidetrack, killing the one employee however sparing the 5, or do nothing and permit the prepare to proceed on its course, killing the 5 employees.
[There is an interactive illustration of this in your textbook, so be sure to take a look]
Now contemplate this slight variation:
As a substitute of standing subsequent to a lever that may change the prepare to one other observe, you might be standing on a bridge overlooking the observe, and subsequent to you is a really giant man (assume somebody the scale of an NFL lineman – somebody who's simply large, not essentially overweight or in any other case unhealthy). He’s leaning precariously over the railing such that hardly a push would ship him over the railing and onto the tracks. Let’s suppose that he’s giant sufficient to cease the prepare, thus sparing the 5 employees, however his personal life shall be misplaced. Let’s additionally suppose that you simply aren’t giant sufficient to cease the prepare, so it will do no good to throw your self over.
Must you throw the massive man over the bridge?
In the midst of the week’s dialogue, you'll need to do the next (not essentially on this order):
Have interaction with the textual content:
What would a utilitarian say is the best motion in every of the circumstances? Give the reasoning by referring to Chapter three of the textbook, particularly John Stuart Mill’s arguments discovered on this week’s studying, and be as exact as you possibly can.
Mirror on your self and others:
Do you agree with that? Why or why not?
Do you end up agreeing with the utilitarian in regards to the reply to one of many situations however not the opposite? If that's the case, clarify what accounts for that distinction. Does this level to objections, limitations, or flaws within the utilitarian strategy? Clarify.
Should you discovered your self agreeing with the utilitarian about each situations, how would you defend your view in opposition to those who may need given completely different solutions?
Talk about together with your friends:
This situation and the corresponding questions at all times elicit a large vary of responses. Some individuals will disagree about the best option to make, and a few individuals will agree on the best selection however for various causes. Talk about together with your friends one another’s solutions to those questions, particularly when your friends’ solutions differ from yours, and use that as an opportunity to attract out the strengths and weaknesses of utilitarianism.
Thames, B. (2018). How ought to one reside? Introduction to ethics and ethical reasoning (third ed.). San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Training.