Spring (1854-1861 ) essay
Abolitionist Assessment US Historical past/ Pratt Title: __________________ “Over the centuries, the Northern and Southern sections of the US had developed into two very totally different cultural and financial areas. The excellence between North and South had its roots within the early 17th century, when British colonists started settling Virginia within the South and Massachusetts within the North. Together with variations in geography and local weather, the 2 areas have been noticeably dissimilar of their spiritual and cultural traditions. Nevertheless, it was the Southern dependence on the ‘peculiar establishment’ of slavery that elevated tensions between the areas and introduced them into battle. The South, with its plantation economic system, had come to depend on an enslaved labor drive. The North, with its diversified industries, was much less depending on slavery. Because the North industrialized, Northern opposition to slavery grew extra intense. The controversy over slavery solely worsened as new territories and states have been admitted to the union. Supporters of slavery noticed a chance to create extra slave states, whereas opponents remained equally decided that slavery shouldn't unfold. As the problem of slavery divided North and South, typically violence erupted as within the new territory of Kansas the place pro-slavery and anti-slavery fought. In fact, violence was not restricted to Kansas. In Might, Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts delivered an impassioned speech within the Senate, entitled ‘The Crime Towards Kansas.’ For 2 days he verbally attacked the South and slavery, singling out Senator Andrew P. Butler of South Carolina for his proslavery beliefs. Quickly after, Butler’s nephew, Congressman Preston S. Brooks, walked into the Senate chamber and struck Sumner on the pinnacle repeatedly with a cane till the cane broke. Sumner suffered mind harm and didn't return to his Senate seat for greater than three years. The widening gulf between the North and the South had far-reaching implications for occasion politics as nicely. As the 2 areas grew additional aside, the outdated nationwide events ruptured, and new political events emerged, together with a celebration for antislavery Northerners. By the top of 1856, the nation’s political panorama had a really totally different look than it had exhibited in 1848. The Whig Celebration had cut up over the problem of slavery and had misplaced help in each the North and the South. The Democratic Celebration, which had survived quite a few crises in its historical past, was nonetheless alive, although scarred. A brand new Republican Celebration had fashioned and was shifting inside putting distance of the presidency.” ~ Individuals 1. In response to an assault on slavery from the ground of the Senate, South Carolinian Preston Brooks caned Senator ________. (1) Thaddeus Stevens (2) Charles Sumner (three) Stephen Douglas 2. What contributed to the rise of sectionalism in American historical past? (1) Spiritual variations. (2) Geographic and financial circumstances. (three) Gender and demographic components. (four) Political events that proposed radically (four) Roger B. Taney totally different tax insurance policies. A number of-Selection Assessment Questions: 1. Within the interval between 1820 and 1860, Southerners wished slavery prolonged to the Western territories in order that the South may (1) Proceed to elect Southern Presidents. (2) Proceed to dominate the Supreme Court docket. (three) Hold sufficient energy within the Senate to defend Southern pursuits. (four) Use slave labor to broaden Southern industries. 2. Through the interval 1820–1860, the main considerations in the US handled points associated to (1) Figuring out the way forward for slavery. (2) Growing public funding of political campaigns. (three) Lowering the variety of elective places of work. (four) Lowering voter registration drives. three. In the US, the widespread disregard of the fugitive slave legal guidelines most clearly indicated that (1) Strongly held values are troublesome to regulate. (2) The federal authorities is mostly unable to implement its personal legal guidelines. (three) Little respect is given to the authorized system. (four) The judicial system is simply too lenient in its therapy of offenders. four. Within the early 1850s, enforcement of the _____ gave many northerners an eyewitness view of the heartlessness of slavery. (1) Kansas-Nebraska Act (2) Fugitive Slave Act (three) Freeport Doctrine (four) Dred Scott resolution (5) Compromise of 1850 5. Who printed the anti-slavery newspaper, The Liberator? A. William Lloyd Garrison C. Nat Turner 6. Who was essentially the most well-known Underground Railroad conductor? (1) Angelina Grimke (2) Sarah Grimke (three) Isabel Sojourner Reality (four) Harriet Tubman 7. Abolitionists within the pre–Civil Struggle interval have been most definitely to help the (1) removing of the Cherokee Indians from Georgia (2) passage of the Fugitive Slave Act (three) actions of the Underground Railroad (four) use of common sovereignty within the territories eight. The Supreme Court docket resolution in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) was vital as a result of it (1) allowed slavery in California (2) outlawed slavery within the Southern States (three) upheld the actions of the Underground Railroad (four) dominated that Congress couldn't ban slavery within the territories 9. A technique that “Bleeding Kansas,” the Dred Scott resolution, and John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry had an analogous impact on the US was that these occasions (1) ended battle over slavery within the territories (2) eased tensions between the North and the South (three) contributed to the formation of the Whig Celebration (four) made sectional compromise extra troublesome 10. Who bought his freedom from his slaveholder and later began an abolitionist newspaper known as The North Star? (1) Charles T. Weber (three) Frederick Douglass (2) Horace Mann (four) Sojourner Reality B. Harriet Beecher Stowe D. John Brown Profiles in Historical past: Nat Turner 1800-1831 A bunch of African Individuals in Virginia carried out an armed rebellion through the early hours of August 22, 1831. Main the assault was Nat Turner, an enslaved minister who believed God had chosen him to deliver his folks out of bondage. Turner and his followers killed greater than 50 white males, ladies, and youngsters earlier than state and native troops put down the rebellion. A courtroom then tried Turner and sentenced him to hold. The person who led maybe the nation’s best-known slave revolt believed from an early age – via his mom’s encouragement – that he was divinely impressed. ‘I used to be supposed for some nice goal,’ he as soon as declared. Though many thought of Nat Turner a non secular fanatic – he claimed to take his instructions from mysterious voices and the actions of heavenly our bodies – others knew him to have a pointy thoughts. ‘He definitely by no means had the benefits of schooling,’ mentioned the man appointed to be his lawyer, ‘however he can learn and write…and for pure intelligence and quickness of apprehension is surpassed by few males I've ever seen.’ As he awaited execution, Turner reportedly confirmed little regret for his deeds, sure that he had acted within the identify of God to free his folks. ‘I'm right here loaded with chains and keen to endure the destiny that awaits me,’ he mentioned. Turner’s lack of regret chilled these round him, together with his lawyer, who described the calm, deliberate composure with which Turner spoke of what he had accomplished, ‘I seemed on him,’ the lawyer wrote, ‘and my blood curdled in my veins.’ Turner’s revolt despatched a wave of terror via the South and heightened fears of future uprisings. Consequently, many states adopted even harsher restrictions on each enslaved and free African Individuals.” ~ The American Imaginative and prescient 1. In 1831, Nat Turner organized and led a slave rebellion in Southampton County, Virginia, that resulted in (1) The gradual and compensated emancipation of the vast majority of slaves in Virginia. (2) The rapid emancipation and eventual transportation of Nat Turner and his followers to Santo Domingo (three) Congress passing a stringent fugitive slave legislation. (four) The Southern states increasing their militia techniques and strengthening the slave codes. 2. The one “profitable” slave rebellion within the nineteenth-century South was led by (1) Harriet Tubman. (2) Nat Turner. (three) Frederick Douglass. (four) Dred Scott. three. What lesson did white southerners study from the Nat Turner Insurrection? (1) That slave insurrections have been an everpresent menace. (2) That gradual emancipation was inevitable. (three) That slaves shouldn't be allowed to work in cities. (four) That slaves must be allowed to learn. Studying: “The Democratic occasion was a unifying drive, sturdy within the North, West, and South. In 1854, Democrats have been challenged b y a brand new sectional occasion, the Republicans, who drew help from the North and West. Southerners opposed the occasion as antislavery. The Republican platforms (statements of political concepts) of 1856 and 1860 proposed the following: • A ban on slavery in Western territories • A excessive protecting tariff to help Northern industries One Republican, Abraham Lincoln, spoke forcefully on stopping the unfold of slavery: ‘The Republican occasion seems to be upon slavery as an ethical, social, and political unsuitable. They insist that it must be handled as a unsuitable; and one of many strategies of treating it as a unsuitable is to guarantee that it ought to develop not.’ In 1860, the Republicans nominated Lincoln for president. A majority of Democrats nominated Stephen Douglas, a average on slavery. Southern Democrats nominated John Breckinridge, a proslavery Southerner. Lincoln’s victory was the worst potential consequence from the South’s viewpoint. One month after Lincoln’s election, South Carolina seceded from the Union. (In Lincoln’s view, the nation was a union of individuals, not states; subsequently no state had the correct to secede.) Different Southern states adopted go well with, and by March, 1861, the North and the South have been just about separate nations.” ~ Reviewing U.S. Historical past and Authorities 1. Which argument did President Abraham Lincoln use towards the secession of the Southern States? (1) Slavery was not worthwhile (2) The federal government was a union of individuals and never of states. (three) The Southern States didn't allow their folks to vote on secession. (four) Because the Commander in Chief, he had the responsibility to defend the US towards overseas invasion. 2. Early in his Presidency, Abraham Lincoln declared that his major aim as President was to (1) implement the Emancipation Proclamation (2) protect the Union (three) finish slavery all through the nation (four) encourage sectionalism three. Which assertion finest explains President Abraham Lincoln’s justification for the Civil Struggle? (1) As an abolitionist, President Lincoln wished to finish slavery in the US. (2) President Lincoln wished to maintain the South economically depending on the industrial North. (three) President Lincoln’s oath of workplace required him to defend and protect the Union. (four) To maintain the help of Nice Britain and France, President Lincoln needed to attempt to finish slavery instantly. Reply the next query: How did occasions unfold in Kansas after the passage of the Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854? Abolitionist Assessment US Historical past/ Pratt Title: __________________ “Over the centuries, the Northern and Southern sections of the US had developed into two very totally different cultural and financial areas. The excellence between North and South had its roots within the early 17th century, when British colonists started settling Virginia within the South and Massachusetts within the North. Together with variations in geography and local weather, the 2 areas have been noticeably dissimilar of their spiritual and cultural traditions. Nevertheless, it was the Southern dependence on the ‘peculiar establishment’ of slavery that elevated tensions between the areas and introduced them into battle. The South, with its plantation economic system, had come to depend on an enslaved labor drive. The North, with its diversified industries, was much less depending on slavery. Because the North industrialized, Northern opposition to slavery grew extra intense. The controversy over slavery solely worsened as new territories and states have been admitted to the union. Supporters of slavery noticed a chance to create extra slave states, whereas opponents remained equally decided that slavery shouldn't unfold. As the problem of slavery divided North and South, typically violence erupted as within the new territory of Kansas the place pro-slavery and anti-slavery fought. In fact, violence was not restricted to Kansas. In Might, Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts delivered an impassioned speech within the Senate, entitled ‘The Crime Towards Kansas.’ For 2 days he verbally attacked the South and slavery, singling out Senator Andrew P. Butler of South Carolina for his proslavery beliefs. Quickly after, Butler’s nephew, Congressman Preston S. Brooks, walked into the Senate chamber and struck Sumner on the pinnacle repeatedly with a cane till the cane broke. Sumner suffered mind harm and didn't return to his Senate seat for greater than three years. The widening gulf between the North and the South had far-reaching implications for occasion politics as nicely. As the 2 areas grew additional aside, the outdated nationwide events ruptured, and new political events emerged, together with a celebration for antislavery Northerners. By the top of 1856, the nation’s political panorama had a really totally different look than it had exhibited in 1848. The Whig Celebration had cut up over the problem of slavery and had misplaced help in each the North and the South. The Democratic Celebration, which had survived quite a few crises in its historical past, was nonetheless alive, although scarred. A brand new Republican Celebration had fashioned and was shifting inside putting distance of the presidency.” ~ Individuals 1. In response to an assault on slavery from the ground of the Senate, South Carolinian Preston Brooks caned Senator ________. (1) Thaddeus Stevens (2) Charles Sumner (three) Stephen Douglas 2. What contributed to the rise of sectionalism in American historical past? (1) Spiritual variations. (2) Geographic and financial circumstances. (three) Gender and demographic components. (four) Political events that proposed radically (four) Roger B. Taney totally different tax insurance policies. A number of-Selection Assessment Questions: 1. Within the interval between 1820 and 1860, Southerners wished slavery prolonged to the Western territories in order that the South may (1) Proceed to elect Southern Presidents. (2) Proceed to dominate the Supreme Court docket. (three) Hold sufficient energy within the Senate to defend Southern pursuits. (four) Use slave labor to broaden Southern industries. 2. Through the interval 1820–1860, the main considerations in the US handled points associated to (1) Figuring out the way forward for slavery. (2) Growing public funding of political campaigns. (three) Lowering the variety of elective places of work. (four) Lowering voter registration drives. three. In the US, the widespread disregard of the fugitive slave legal guidelines most clearly indicated that (1) Strongly held values are troublesome to regulate. (2) The federal authorities is mostly unable to implement its personal legal guidelines. (three) Little respect is given to the authorized system. (four) The judicial system is simply too lenient in its therapy of offenders. four. Within the early 1850s, enforcement of the _____ gave many northerners an eyewitness view of the heartlessness of slavery. (1) Kansas-Nebraska Act (2) Fugitive Slave Act (three) Freeport Doctrine (four) Dred Scott resolution (5) Compromise of 1850 5. Who printed the anti-slavery newspaper, The Liberator? A. William Lloyd Garrison C. Nat Turner 6. Who was essentially the most well-known Underground Railroad conductor? (1) Angelina Grimke (2) Sarah Grimke (three) Isabel Sojourner Reality (four) Harriet Tubman 7. Abolitionists within the pre–Civil Struggle interval have been most definitely to help the (1) removing of the Cherokee Indians from Georgia (2) passage of the Fugitive Slave Act (three) actions of the Underground Railroad (four) use of common sovereignty within the territories eight. The Supreme Court docket resolution in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) was vital as a result of it (1) allowed slavery in California (2) outlawed slavery within the Southern States (three) upheld the actions of the Underground Railroad (four) dominated that Congress couldn't ban slavery within the territories 9. A technique that “Bleeding Kansas,” the Dred Scott resolution, and John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry had an analogous impact on the US was that these occasions (1) ended battle over slavery within the territories (2) eased tensions between the North and the South (three) contributed to the formation of the Whig Celebration (four) made sectional compromise extra troublesome 10. Who bought his freedom from his slaveholder and later began an abolitionist newspaper known as The North Star? (1) Charles T. Weber (three) Frederick Douglass (2) Horace Mann (four) Sojourner Reality B. Harriet Beecher Stowe D. John Brown Profiles in Historical past: Nat Turner 1800-1831 A bunch of African Individuals in Virginia carried out an armed rebellion through the early hours of August 22, 1831. Main the assault was Nat Turner, an enslaved minister who believed God had chosen him to deliver his folks out of bondage. Turner and his followers killed greater than 50 white males, ladies, and youngsters earlier than state and native troops put down the rebellion. A courtroom then tried Turner and sentenced him to hold. The person who led maybe the nation’s best-known slave revolt believed from an early age – via his mom’s encouragement – that he was divinely impressed. ‘I used to be supposed for some nice goal,’ he as soon as declared. Though many thought of Nat Turner a non secular fanatic – he claimed to take his instructions from mysterious voices and the actions of heavenly our bodies – others knew him to have a pointy thoughts. ‘He definitely by no means had the benefits of schooling,’ mentioned the man appointed to be his lawyer, ‘however he can learn and write…and for pure intelligence and quickness of apprehension is surpassed by few males I've ever seen.’ As he awaited execution, Turner reportedly confirmed little regret for his deeds, sure that he had acted within the identify of God to free his folks. ‘I'm right here loaded with chains and keen to endure the destiny that awaits me,’ he mentioned. Turner’s lack of regret chilled these round him, together with his lawyer, who described the calm, deliberate composure with which Turner spoke of what he had accomplished, ‘I seemed on him,’ the lawyer wrote, ‘and my blood curdled in my veins.’ Turner’s revolt despatched a wave of terror via the South and heightened fears of future uprisings. Consequently, many states adopted even harsher restrictions on each enslaved and free African Individuals.” ~ The American Imaginative and prescient 1. In 1831, Nat Turner organized and led a slave rebellion in Southampton County, Virginia, that resulted in (1) The gradual and compensated emancipation of the vast majority of slaves in Virginia. (2) The rapid emancipation and eventual transportation of Nat Turner and his followers to Santo Domingo (three) Congress passing a stringent fugitive slave legislation. (four) The Southern states increasing their militia techniques and strengthening the slave codes. 2. The one “profitable” slave rebellion within the nineteenth-century South was led by (1) Harriet Tubman. (2) Nat Turner. (three) Frederick Douglass. (four) Dred Scott. three. What lesson did white southerners study from the Nat Turner Insurrection? (1) That slave insurrections have been an everpresent menace. (2) That gradual emancipation was inevitable. (three) That slaves shouldn't be allowed to work in cities. (four) That slaves must be allowed to learn. Studying: “The Democratic occasion was a unifying drive, sturdy within the North, West, and South. In 1854, Democrats have been challenged b y a brand new sectional occasion, the Republicans, who drew help from the North and West. Southerners opposed the occasion as antislavery. The Republican platforms (statements of political concepts) of 1856 and 1860 proposed the following: • A ban on slavery in Western territories • A excessive protecting tariff to help Northern industries One Republican, Abraham Lincoln, spoke forcefully on stopping the unfold of slavery: ‘The Republican occasion seems to be upon slavery as an ethical, social, and political unsuitable. They insist that it must be handled as a unsuitable; and one of many strategies of treating it as a unsuitable is to guarantee that it ought to develop not.’ In 1860, the Republicans nominated Lincoln for president. A majority of Democrats nominated Stephen Douglas, a average on slavery. Southern Democrats nominated John Breckinridge, a proslavery Southerner. Lincoln’s victory was the worst potential consequence from the South’s viewpoint. One month after Lincoln’s election, South Carolina seceded from the Union. (In Lincoln’s view, the nation was a union of individuals, not states; subsequently no state had the correct to secede.) Different Southern states adopted go well with, and by March, 1861, the North and the South have been just about separate nations.” ~ Reviewing U.S. Historical past and Authorities 1. Which argument did President Abraham Lincoln use towards the secession of the Southern States? (1) Slavery was not worthwhile (2) The federal government was a union of individuals and never of states. (three) The Southern States didn't allow their folks to vote on secession. (four) Because the Commander in Chief, he had the responsibility to defend the US towards overseas invasion. 2. Early in his Presidency, Abraham Lincoln declared that his major aim as President was to (1) implement the Emancipation Proclamation (2) protect the Union (three) finish slavery all through the nation (four) encourage sectionalism three. Which assertion finest explains President Abraham Lincoln’s justification for the Civil Struggle? (1) As an abolitionist, President Lincoln wished to finish slavery in the US. (2) President Lincoln wished to maintain the South economically depending on the industrial North. (three) President Lincoln’s oath of workplace required him to defend and protect the Union. (four) To maintain the help of Nice Britain and France, President Lincoln needed to attempt to finish slavery instantly. Reply the next query: How did occasions unfold in Kansas after the passage of the Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854?