Mississippi Valley State University
Draft Paper #1
Moliere and Voltaire use a spontaneous writing style of incorporating satire in their works, Tartuffe and Candide, individually. Both deal with similar topics: for instance, in both of their work, they satirized religious hypocrisy underlining free normal thinking and the use of reasonable. These authors have successfully employed the various writing techniques in their plays with characters categorized by dark comics that expose civilization to shack light on the importance of distinguishing the genuine from the created appearances. As this essay discloses, social masking is an approach that is very central in these two writings. Social masking can be thought to be a means for depicting methods employed by individuals to mask their true selves for individual gains, both material-wise and socially.
Many literary writing styles have been used by most of the filmmakers and playwriter as a way of rewarding and discharging their thoughts, creativity, and literary works to get their audiences attention. They often take advantage of styles such as motifs, irony, symbolism as well as satire, among other styles, as forms of entertaining and enlightening their audiences. During the late 17th century, the popular “Enlightenment period” began. It was a period that was characterized by turmoil and intellectual movements. Then, enlightenment thinkers inspired and advised that individuals rely on and trust their instincts when making decisions or actions. Enlightenment thinkers such as Moliere and Voltaire become recognized for their work.
Tartuffe describes the cultural, political, as well as social setting that assumed the period throughout France in 17th century. Moliere’s works, including Tartuffe, were bombarded with massive judgement from a religious organization and civic leaders. This can be attached to his themes detained in his work that represent religious leaders as escapist from their projected societal leading role. However, despite the huge cloud of accusations amid restriction of his work, Tartuffe experienced massive international recognition resulting in its performance staged in England, Holland, and Germany.
Hypocrisy, especially in religion, was experienced during and earlier the time Tartuffe was written. Unfortunately, it continued to thrive without criticism, mainly because, during that period, religious memberships and leaders were viewed as being holy and true legislatures of what was right and accepted norms in society. Moliere never turned on a blind eye, and, in his labor, to address the situation, he went for an idea of social masking as a intended writing style, which worked perfectly, I bringing out the concerns of religious hypocrisy that was clear but surprised before the eyes of the society.
This is a dominant theme that go beyond through the drama and is repeated on several occasions. Social masking embraces the central symbol in the play. The main actor Tartuffe despite being a spiritual leader, is an architecture of deceit, and if that’s not enough, his practices do not mirror what he professes and preaches at all. In order to misinform Organ, he assumes a honorable lifestyle This means that the mask is to cover an individual’s factual people’s appearances before others’ eyes. Tartuffe pretends to be busy offering charity work to the poor, but instead of doing what the owner of the home thought he is doing, he tries to seduce the Orgon’s wife.
Further, the play refers to Tartuffe as an imposter, exceptionally because he can fool people into thinking he is someone else, religious and virtuous other than showing his true self Using the image of social masking, the author, Moliere, creates a room for exploring throughout the trickery theme. Besides, several characters in the play assume the trickery of a social mask to Tartuffe. For instance, Dorine laments, “passes for a saint…in fact, he is nothing but a hypocrite”. On the other hand, upon identifying the fraudulent techniques and Tartuffe’s nature, Orgon acknowledges his mistake warning Cleante to notify him that he made a horrible “mistake in taking of piety for the face of the true nature.” Additionally, he adds that Orgon ought to have a permanent mechanism in the future in ways of “stripping off the mask, learning what true virtues mean”.
____ Like Tartuffe, Candide, written by De Voltaire, depicts weighty and vital soul-searching of the social masks that characterized most organizations in the 17th century. Despite various directs judgement of the church and the modern ideologies to his ethical edifice, François Moliere Aurouet De Voltaire uses a provocative comedy that offers several social stalemates. Nevertheless, unlike Tartuffe, Candide has some unsophisticated ideas that don’t go in any way as methods for an enlightened uprising in disagreement of the religion can be seen in the Candide. A good example in the play has the majority of women characters being prostitutes while Voltaire believes that education to the poor is unwise, unlike his counterpart, Jean- Baptiste Moliere, who has a converse opinion. He aims at educating the poor to enlighten them on the evils in society. However, just like Moliere’s Tartuffe play, the social masking concept assumes a reasonable share of Voltaire’s chef-d’oeuvre.
____ Candide is the main character; however, unlike Orgon in Tartuffe, he’s not an outright fool. However, for a reader, they feel much pity towards the character, which is more pity than the one the same reader can feel for Orgon in Tartuffe. Losing his lover disturbs Candide to an extend that he ends up wandering around helpless and lost. According to the author, “…wandered for a long time without knowing where he was going weeping raising his eyes to heaven”, which is a clear indication of how helpless the character was.
Another key similarity is that both Orgon and Candide never listen to their families for Orgon; he is deceived and houses a forgery person in his house. Candide, on the other hand, nothing works for him, especially due to turning a blind ear to the warning he was given concerning the nasty nature of his supposed “saint” acquaintance as he was not ready to accept any motive in an effort to distinguish truth and faked appearances of his love. A good example is Cunegonde. This character accepts the marriage proposal of Don Fernando despite his attachment with Candide. Just like Orgon, Candide is the fool in this play; his quest and search for his true love makes him never stay in one place. On the other hand, Tartuffe and Cunegonde have similar characteristics; they both engage in deceit to attain their personal gain by another individual’s sense. Still, in Candide’s case, he gets fooled again when his fortune is stolen because Cunegonde’s love already has eroded his mind.
Her accepting his proposal is because of his financial stability as she had no feeling for him. At times a period comes to expose the real nature; people have to strip off the social masks. Despite the early indications of spotlessness in the character of Tartuffe, Orgon comes to know his factual nature and orders him to leave his house. Candide came up with a similar scenario.
From the debates that have been concealed from this essay, it is clear that one can confidently conclude that social masking is a very outspoken style and comes in handy in both works, despite the works having different authors. Both Moliere and Voltaire criticize people’s dishonest nature regardless of rank, power, and time. Having two double crossed individuals in both works, losing their fortunes by individuals wearing social masks is a great means of concealing, or masking their personalities. The authors brought light on the fact that everyone can be lied to, and any person can betray others. The ironic and humorous situations show symbolisms using social masks; the authors were able to achieve a common goal, project social evils, and educate that we should always be careful when dealing with people as they can be wearing a social mask. The famous saying that is “never judge a book by its cover” is a hazy statement, and thus one can understand it on an angle we see as we deal with people today, even our friends. We should always be careful and identify any red flags as soon as they appear.
Encyclopedia.com. “Tartuffe.” Encyclopedia.com | Free Online Encyclopedia, 13 Feb. 2021, www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/tartuffe. Accessed 11 Feb. 2021.
The Norton anthology of World Literature Volume 2; Shorter 4th edition
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