His 204 week 3 dq 1


Ashford 4: – Week 3 – Discussion 1

Normalcy and the New Deal


 Background: When the First World War ended, Americans welcomed what   they hoped would be a “return to normalcy.” The decades that followed,   however, are ones which would rarely be described as normal in comparison to   what came before or after. During these decades, a struggle ensued within the   American nation regarding how best to define the nation’s essential   character, as groups like the revived Ku Klux Klan fought a rearguard action   to define nationhood solely in terms of white skin and Protestant religion   against secularists, Catholics, flappers, “New Negroes,” and others who   challenged the traditional order. Immediately thereafter, the New Deal   implemented in response to the Great Depression revolutionized the role of   the federal government in lives of the American people, in ways that many   Americans believed violated the basic tenets of the Constitution—and others   believed were not radical enough. Taken together, the decades from 1920 to   1940 may have transformed the American nation more than any other comparable   time period.

Resources: When responding to these questions, draw material from   ONE of the following videos:

  1. Hogan, H. (Writer).        (2003).  The great        depression.  [Television        series episode]. In R. Hawksworth (Executive producer), America in        the 20th Century. New York, NY: Films for the Humanities &        Sciences. Retrieved from        http://digital.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?Token=36219&aid=18596&Plt=FOD&loid=0&w=640&h=480&ref=        
  2. Hogan, H. (Writer).        (2003).  The roaring        twenties [Television series episode].        In R. Hawksworth (Executive producer), America in the 20th Century.        New York, NY: Films for the Humanities & Sciences. Retrieved from        http://digital.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?Token=36218&aid=18596&Plt=FOD&loid=0&w=640&h=480&ref=        
  3. Stone, R. (Writer &        Director). (2009).  The civilian        conservation corps        [Television series episode]. In M. Samels (Executive producer), The        1930s. Boston, MA: WGBH Educational Foundation. Retrieved from        http://digital.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?Token=44081&aid=18596&Plt=FOD&loid=0&w=640&h=480&ref=

Also, draw from the material   in AT LEAST TWO of the following primary sources:

  1. Bliven, B. (1925, Sept. 9). Flapper Jane. Retrieved from        http://www.colorado.edu/AmStudies/lewis/1025/flapperjane.pdf 
  2. Forquignon. (1932). Bonus army marches on Washington, DC 1932 [Video]. Retrieved from        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dWvCCxOUsM8&feature=youtu.be 
  3. Hartt, R. L. (1921, Jan.        15).  “The new Negro”:        “When he’s hit, he hits back!”.        Independent. Retrieved from http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5127  
  4. Long, H. (1934, Feb. 23). Share our wealth speech. Retrieved from        http://www.hueylong.com/programs/share-our-wealth-speech.php 
  5. Marshall, C. C. (1927,        April).  An open letter to        the honorable Alfred E. Smith.        Atlantic Monthly, 139, 540-544, 548-549. Retrieved from http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5074         
  6. Martin, T. T. (1923). Hell and high schools. Atlantic Monthly,        139, 540-544, 548-549. Retrieved from http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5074         
  7. McDougald, E. J.        (1925). The double task of        Negro womanhood.In        A. Locke (Ed.), The New Negro: An Interpretation. Retrieved from        http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5126   
  8. Roosevelt, F. D. (1933, May        7). Address of the President delivered by radio        from the White House.        Retrieved from http://www.mhric.org/fdr/chat2.html  
  9. Shafter, L. H. (1938). I’d rather not be on relief. Retrieved from        http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/todd:@field(DOCID+st045)         
  10. The New Deal Network.        (2003).  TVA: Electricity        for all.  [Interactive        Exhibit]. Retrieved from http://newdeal.feri.org/tva/index.htm 

Instructions: Review the major social and economic developments in   American society during the 1920s and 1930s. After reviewing your   Instructor’s Guidance and completing the weekly reading assignments   (including those in the resource section below), please post a substantive   discussion post of at least 200 words that compares and contrasts the decades   of the 1920’s with the 1930s using the following questions as the basis of   your analysis: 

  • How did American society        change in the two decades after the First World War? 
  • How did the federal        government change in response to those changes? 
  • How did the American people        respond to the changing role of the federal government? 
  • How did the New Deal change        over time and what alternatives were offered to it? 
  • Which groups benefited or        suffered most from these changes? 
  • Should this period be        regarded as having represented a revolutionary moment in American        history? 

Along with the general discussion,   address developments across these two decades related to AT LEAST ONE   of the following groups: 

  • Evangelical Protestants 
  • Farmers 
  • African Americans 
  • Women 
  • Business owners 
  • The middle class 

Your initial post should be at least 200 words in length.   Support your claims with examples from the required material(s) and properly   cite any references. You may use additional scholarly sources to support your   points if you choose. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by   Day 7 in at least 100 words. When responding to classmates, you should refer   to the material from one of the sources which you did not reference in your   initial post. 

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