Chapter 18 finishes our course on the issue of global encounters in the 1400s-1500s AD/CE, an early step to what is now modern globalization.
The Portuguese and Spanish take over large sections of the Americas in remarkably rapid fashion (pp. 588-595). This period had its unpleasant side also, as technologically-advanced cultures exploit less developed ones. Nowhere is this more evident than in the transatlantic slave trade (p. 597), which is presented at the Website on the Middle Passage at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1p277.html
• Spain and Portugal: empire building Chap. 20 (pp. 591-3)
Despite the cultural domination instituted by European traders and colonizers, how do you think these Mesoamerican, South American, and African societies have been able to sustain their cultural practices?
Global Encounters: Exploitation
Identify the key factors that made it possible for the Spanish and Portuguese to so quickly prevail in the Americas.
• Spain and Portugal: the quick conquest: Chap 20 (pp. 591-5).
Transatlantic slave trade: Chap. 20 (pp. 597-8, 600-601). Also, see http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1p277.html
For about three (3) decades in the early 1400s AD, China was sending a massive fleet on regular expeditions to lands near and far, seeking knowledge and tribute. Read pp. 606-608 in our class text. By the mid-1430s AD, China did an about-face in policy and became fairly isolationist from then until the mid-1800s. This is one of the most remarkable subjects of world history
Do you think the Forbidden City and all it represented prevented European influence on Chinese culture? Explain your response.
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