The Formosan black bear is also called the white-throated bear. They're endemic to Taiwan. In 2001, they have been voted essentially the most consultant wildlife of Taiwan. And they're additionally the most important land animals and the one native bears in Taiwan. Due to extreme exploitation and habitat degradation in latest a long time, populations of untamed Formosan black bears have been declining. This species was listed as “endangered” below Taiwan’s Cultural Heritage and Preservation Regulation in 1989. The physique of the Formosan black bear is nicely lined with black hair, which might develop over 10 cm lengthy across the neck.
On the chest, there's a distinctive yellowish or whitish mark that's formed like a “V” character or a crescent moon. This earns it one other nickname — “moon bear”.
They feed totally on leaves, buds, fruits, roots, though in addition they eat bugs, small animals, and carrion. They'll eat fat-loaded onerous mast (e.g., acorn and walnut) in fall or winter. The Formosan bear lives within the mountainous forests within the Central Mountain Vary of Taiwan at elevations of 1,000–three,500 meters (three,300–11,500 ft).
Within the Winter, reasonably than hibernating, they transfer to decrease elevations to seek out meals, resembling acorns.
Despite the fact that they give the impression of being clumsy and sluggish, Formosan black bears can simply outrun people, reaching speeds of 30–40 km per hour. And they're expert at swimming and climbing, as nicely. Due to their Endangered Species Standing and their behavior of avoiding people, Formosan black bears are not often seen within the wild. In a lot of the sightings, the bear often retreats and runs away from the human. Even when the bears will be aggressive, they not often assault people with out provocation.
Typically bears are searching targets for a lot of Taiwan indigenous tribes, however there are taboos of their searching traditions. The indigenous individuals all take into account bears to have behaviors just like people. Subsequently, searching bears is rather like killing people and can trigger misfortunes resembling illness, demise,
Oral Presentation – Formosan Black Bear or crop failure. Because of this, hunters often left bears alone until completely needed. There are a number of beliefs in Formosan Black Bear for some Taiwan indigenous tribes. For instance, Bunun individuals name black bears Aguman or Duman which implies the satan. Rukai individuals consider searching bears can lead to illnesses. In Taroko legends, Formosan black bears are respectful “kings of the forest” whose white mark on the chest represents the moon. They consider that killing black bears ends in household disasters.
Though Formosan black bears have been chosen to characterize the wildlife of Taiwan in 2001 and are listed as protected. In conventional Chinese language tradition, the bear’s paw & gall are valuable drugs. This motive makes the value of bear meat are 10 instances greater than pork. Thus, they proceed to make information by being killed or offered illegally. This means that at present’s legal guidelines and regulation enforcement haven't performed sufficient to ease the primary menace to the sustainability of bears: unlawful searching.
Primarily based on Taiwan’s Tradition Heritage and Conservation Regulation, Formosan black bears have been listed as endangered animals in 1989. Internationally, this species is protected by the Conference on Worldwide Commerce in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), appendix I. CITES bans all worldwide commerce in any merchandise from this species. The Pink Record of the Worldwide Union for Conservation of Nature and Pure
Assets (IUCN) additionally describes these bears as susceptible to extinction. Ultimately, there's a story about Black-Bear conservation. A cut-paw child bear, which is nicknamed ”Little Cute” and solely three month-years-old, was captured by the unlawful hunter in 1994, and Its proper again foot was lower off by the lure. As a result of the incident occurred in Shei-Pa Nationwide Park, the authorities arrange a memorial statue and hope that this statue can remind individuals to preserve the Formosan Black Bear. Everybody ought to chime in on the conservation effort. Solely then can we success be declared within the black bear conservation venture.
Oral Presentation – Formosan Black Bear
“If there have been no bears within the mountains, the forest would look empty and I'd really feel lonely.” – An indigenous Bunun hunter
“We don't want to lose this soul of Taiwan’s mountains. We don't want our offspring to see them solely within the zoo or in historical past books.” – Mei-Hsiu Hwang (a campaigner of Institute of Wildlife Conservation for black-bear preservation)
1. Wikipedia – Formosan Black Bear
2. Conservation and Analysis of Formosan Black Bears.
three. Shei-Pa Nationwide Park