##### ESE 324 Midterm Exam Solution………………
three/15/12 ESE 324 Midterm Examination STUDENTâS NAME________________________QUESTION #1Answer the next questions with a single sentence.A) What's physique impact in CMOS circuits?B) What does âuseless zoneâ of a section detector confer with?C) What's the main distinction between linear and nonlinear oscillators?D) What's the main distinction between a latch and a flip-flop?E) What's hysteresis impact? Present an instance for instance how it may be used.three/15/12 ESE 324 Midterm Examination STUDENTâS NAME________________________QUESTION #2Two circuits are proven within the determine above. Assume Vdd=7. The brink voltage for NMOStransistors is three V and the edge voltage for PMOS transistors is -Four V. Initially each inputs areat zero voltage. Nodes A and B are additionally initially at zero voltage. C is at Vdd. Equally, nodes Aâand Bâ are initially at zero voltage and Câ is at Vdd. Each inputs have a step transition to Vdd.Decide the ultimate voltage at nodes A, B, C, Aâ, Bâ, and Câ. three/15/12 ESE 324 Midterm Examination STUDENTâS NAME________________________QUESTION #3A rest based mostly nonlinear oscillator is proven within the determine above. Word that Vdd=12 Volts andVss= -12 Volts.A) Primarily based on the resistances and capacitance, calculate the oscillation frequency at theoutput.B) What may be achieved to lower the oscillation frequency?Trace: The voltage of a capacitor that's charging or discharging via a resistor R towards afinal voltage Vf is set by( ) ( ) the place V is the voltage at t zero and RCis the time fixed zero/? ? ? zero ?? ? ????t ?f fv t V V V e