Engl 102 Paper essay


Business Leadership: Four Factors That Make a Successful Leader

John C. Smith

School of Business and Management, City University of Seattle

BC 301: Critical Thinking

Dr. Jane C. Doe

November 27, 2020

Business Leadership: Four Factors That Make a Successful Leader

The introduction of the paper begins here. Double-space throughout the paper, including the title page, body of the document, and references. The body of the paper begins on a new page (page 2). Subsections of the body of the paper do not begin on a new page. The title of the paper (in uppercase and lowercase letters) is centered and bolded on the first line below the page number. The introduction (which is not labeled) begins on the line following the paper title.

Heading (Heading Level 1)

Headings are used to organize the document and reflect the relative importance of sections. Level 1 headings are centered, bold, title case headings (e.g., Reflecting on Features). Level 2 headings use flush left, bold, title case headings (e.g., Effects of Format on Response). Level 3 headings are flush left, bold, italic, title case headings. Three heading levels is average but there can be more or less depending on the paper length.

In-Text Citations (Heading Level 2)

Source material must be documented in the body of the paper by citing the author(s) and date(s) of the sources. This is to give proper credit to the ideas and words of others. The reader can obtain the full source citation from the list of references that follows the body of the paper. The in-text citations must match the reference list and vice-versa. When the names of the authors of a source are part of the formal structure of the sentence, the year of the publication appears in parenthesis following the identification of the authors, e.g., Jones (2016) stated that…

Text Citations for Resources With One or Two Authors (Heading Level 3)

When a source has one or two authors, include the author name(s) in every citation, e.g. (Taylor & Hardy, 2019).

Text Citations for Three or More Authors (Heading Level 3)

When a source has three or more authors, include the name of only the first author and “et al.” in every citation, including the first citation, unless this would cause confusion, e.g. (Garcia et al., 2019).

Text Citations for Multiple Sources in One Sentence (Heading Level 3)

When the names of the authors of a source are not part of the formal structure of the sentence, both the authors and years of publication appear in parentheses, alphabetically in the same order in which they appear in the reference list, separated by semicolons, e.g. (Garcia et al., 2019; Taylor & Hardy, 2019).

Quoting (Heading Level 2)

“When quoting, always provide the author, year, and specific page citation. If the source does not contain page numbers, provide another way of locating the passage, paragraph number, heading or section name, or a combination” (American Psychological Association [APA], 2019, p. 273).

A quotation of fewer than 40 words should be enclosed in double quotation marks and should be incorporated into the formal structure of the sentence (as seen above). If the quotation comprises 40 or more words, display it in a freestanding block of text and omit the quotation marks. Start each block quotation on a new line and indent the block a half inch (0.5 in.) from the left margin (in the same position as a new paragraph). The citation goes after the period in this case. (APA, 2019, p. 272)

Conclusion (Heading Level 1)

The conclusion should summarize key points from the paper.


American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000

Garcia, J., Powell, S., Charles, P., & Carson, A. (2019, November 3-5). APA essentials [Conference session]. APA National Conference, Seattle, WA, United States. https://www.bestconferenceever.com/APA

Jones, J. (2016). How to write a paper. Journal of Paper Writing, 105(3), 33-42.

Taylor, F. & Hardy, L. (2019, October 29). APA for students. The CityU Post. https://www.library.cityu.edu

* Note: The reference list should be on a new page and references should be in alphabetical order following APA style. All in-text citations should match the reference list (excluding indirect citations and personal communications). Hanging indents are required for all citations.

Students write an essay which summarizes and analyzes an article’s content and the author’s perspective. The essay summarizes the main points (what the article says) and then analyzes the author’s effectiveness (strengths and weaknesses) in presenting the argument (how the author conveys the message). Students are assessed on their ability to write cohesive paragraphs; a thesis statement that is fully supported throughout the essay; an introduction; and a conclusion free of punctuation, grammar, and spelling errors. Students write in their own words, objectively without bias, and support their statements with reliable evidence. The essay is due Tuesday, June 8th, 2021 before midnight.

The essay consists of:

1) a four- to five-page essay, 2) a title page, and 3) a reference page.

The essay must cite at least three credible and relevant sources. The essay must be formatted in APA, including a title page, page headers, subheadings, one-inch page margins, and be double-spaced using Times New Roman 12-point font. Students select their own topic or one from a list provided by the instructor. Please copy and paste the original article after your refferences page (not all websites are accessible).

Summary-analysis Essay Structure and Minimum Requirements

The following structure, as described in Module 8, ensures required components of the essay are addressed.

· Introduction. Introduce the article, including the author(s), publication date, and thesis statement.

· Summary. Summarize what the article is about;

· Evaluation or Analysis. Analyze how well the writer conveyed the message. This type of critique or analysis is called rhetorical analysis. A rhetorical analysis might identify the writer’s use of analytic tools such as appeals (logos, ethos, and pathos) and any flaws in logic (logical fallacies).

· Response. Do you agree or disagree with the author(s)? Recommend strategies the author could have used to improve the essay. Consider if the article could be used in academic research (was the Four Moves & a Habit framework applied?). Remember to write in third person–this can help your essay from appearing biased.

· Conclusion. Recap the essay, including restating the thesis, but do NOT introduce any new information that has not already been presented.

The attached student sample essay is just one student’s approach. It does not follow the outline shown in Module 8 100%.

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