DISCUSSION QUESTIONS essay
Each Questions Must Be Answered Separately. PROVIDE TWO REFERNCES ON EACH QUESTIONS; APA FORMAT D1 Compare health education and health promotion and provide an example of each. How do health promotion programs address health disparities and health equity? What impact have the Healthy People initiative and the Affordable Care Act had on health promotion and health equity in public health? D2 Describe the three levels of prevention for health promotion programs and the role of stakeholders in each level. Using the CDC Community Guide, identify and describe an example of a primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention strategy applied in health promotion and disease prevention for a health issue that interests you. D3 What is a needs assessment? Discuss the purpose of a needs assessment and the steps involved in conducting a needs assessment. Describe examples of primary data, secondary data, and other evidence that you would collect or review in order to identify the needs of the target population you identified for your project. D4 Considering the health issue and target population you have identified, describe some ways in which the target population and key stakeholders can be involved in a needs assessment for your project. Describe specific opportunity for cross-cultural community collaboration and/or partnership. What principles of servant leadership can be applied to this collaboration to build leadership and support the community? D5 Describe a program planning model used in public health. Discuss key elements of the model and why program planning models are used in developing programs. Provide an example from the research literature as to how this program planning model has been applied to a health promotion program. D6 Compare two health behavior theories or models that relate to a health issue that interests you. Which theory/model best supports this health issue and why? How can that theory/model inform the development of a program for that health issue? D7 What relationship do goals and objectives have in the program planning process? Define SMART criteria as it relates to writing program objectives. Write a process objective and an outcome objective statement using the SMART criteria for an intervention program aimed at reducing childhood obesity in a low-income African American community. D8 Describe the key factors you believe are most important in selecting different types of interventions to achieve program objectives. For the objectives you developed in DQ1 this week, identify an evidence-based, culturally appropriate intervention to address childhood obesity in a low-income African American community. D9 Consider the following scenario: the community assessment team you have been working with would like you to give a presentation at their next meeting about available options that can be considered for funding of your proposed program. Compare available options for funding a public health program and explain which would be best for your proposed program. D10 Describe the key elements of a grant proposal based on the information in your textbook. What is the value and purpose of a statement of need? Imagine you are preparing a grant proposal for your project, and you are tasked with preparing a statement of need. What kind of information would you include in your statement of need to convey to the funder why the program is necessary? D11 Discuss the function of action plans, logic models, and timelines in program implementation. How can these tools help with the transition from planning to implementation? Describe an example of a challenge that can be encountered during the program implementation phase and how you can overcome that challenge. D12 Compare and contrast public sources of funding (i.e., local, state, or federal government) and private sources of funding (i.e., nonprofit, foundation, etc.) for public health programs. Which of these types of funding would be appropriate for your proposed program/intervention? Describe common challenges and barriers to seeking funding for programs/interventions and ideas for overcoming those challenges and barriers. D13 Compare the key elements and purpose of formative evaluations (needs assessment and process evaluation) and summative evaluations (impact and outcome evaluation). Which type of evaluation is best for your program/intervention? Provide a rationale for your response. D14 Review the evaluation frameworks discussed in your textbook. How do evaluation frameworks help guide a program evaluation? What are the key differences between these frameworks? Which framework would you choose to guide the evaluation of your program? Provide a rationale for your response. D15 Revisit the SMART objectives you developed for your program. What kind of data would you need to collect during the program evaluation phase to determine whether the program met its objectives? Describe the data collection methods you would use during your program evaluation. D16 Evaluation reports are often provided to funders, staff, and other key stakeholders once an evaluation has been completed. Imagine you are preparing an evaluation report after completion of your program evaluation. What information would you include in the report? How could you use the findings from your evaluation to engage stakeholders and build support for your program? -research paper writing service