Discuss the major causes of the french revolution
Please select one of many following subjects in your closing essay. I anticipate that one can find most of your data within the assignments within the items for this course - the books, the modules and their hyperlinks and on-line readings. Chances are you'll properly have written about one or one other side of those subjects for the items by the point you're employed on this closing challenge - and you might be at liberty to reuse concepts that you've already used on this course. It there's something along with this data that you simply want to embody in your essay, and it can't be discovered within the assignments, you must be at liberty to look elsewhere. For every other sources used, I need you to quote them fastidiously in order that I may discover the situation of your data. As I've stated earlier within the course, although, a lot of the data on the web, and certainly in Wikipedia in its numerous language variations, is probably unreliable, since there isn't a actual "vetting" of that data by students. I might anticipate that the ultimate essay needs to be a number of instances' longer than the weekly assignments have been - it's value many extra factors!1. A comparability of a number of the Islamic states that now we have studied this semester (Umayyad, Abbasid, Ottoman, Safavid, Mughal empires) with that of the earliest Islamic "state", that in Medina (begun by Muhammad, and continued and expanded by the "rightly-guided" Caliphs). Please select three states to match with the Medinan state: both Umayyad or Abbasid, after which 2 of Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal. Please understand that that first state in Medina is often thought of by Muslim leaders even at the moment (together with radical Islamists like ISIS because the "mannequin" state, the equal of the state of the "founding fathers" of Islam. Moderately than giving solely a common comparability, I need you to give attention to 2 or three components of these states - for instance, financial system, political system, therapy of members of different religions, rural and concrete society. These are simply meant to be examples.2. A dialogue of the origins of reform and secularism within the Center East - trying on the readings for the final two items to start with, but in addition earlier actions and governmental insurance policies. Did the rulers of the three nice 16th and 17th century Islamic empires additionally reform their regimes (that's, give new kind to political and ideological programs that they inherited from the sooner states)? Some have argued that the Ottomans, not less than from the time of Suleyman the Magnificant, and maybe earlier, have been contantly reforming, modernizing their programs - particularly within the financial realm. For the Mughals, I feel, some argue that they have been returning to the views of Muhammad and the "Rightly-Guided Caliphs" on the therapy of non-Muslims - given the truth that they confronted the identical challenges - ruling as a Muslim minority within the midst of a giant majority non-Muslim inhabitants. These are simply examples. Please discover your personal.three. An evaluation of the Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals that may have been made by Muhammad and/or the "Rightly-Guided Caliphs" - in fact this requires some creativeness in your half. Keep in mind that Muhammad himself had not made preparations for a switch of authority on his demise - and possibly didn't have any thought of "Caliphs". But these of you who've paid shut consideration to the small print of Islamic "terrorism", notably of Osama bin Laden and his motion, will keep in mind that Osama considered the Ottoman caliphate (which was lastly shut down by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in 1924 within the technique of his creation of the Turkish Republic) because the reputable type of authorities for Muslims - and promised to reestablish that common Islamic authorities if given the possibility. And the unconventional Islamists at the moment in Syria and Iraq, ISIS, declare to be establishing a brand new Caliphate to incorporate all Muslims all through the world.