D6-DPR essay

Remember to respond to two peers while being respectful of and sensitive to their viewpoints. Consider advancing the discussion in the following ways:

· Engage in conversation with your peers around personality disorders.

· Consider asking a question or sharing your personal experience.

PEER 1 CS

· In what way does this person exhibit grandiosity and self-importance?

This was very hard to pick this individual due to being a huge fan of his but I am also aware that he has been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, he is a musician, reality star, fashion designer, produce and so much more. I have chosen Kanye West. When it comes to exhibiting grandiosity, Kanye West believe in the fantasy of capabilities, he has a higher level of optimism and satisfaction with life absence of depression and lack of shame. Kanye West is very competitive with music, overestimating one’s attractiveness, shame, depression, worthlessness, low levels of humiliation and hostility. For Kanye West grandiosity is based in imagination of mastery, he has manipulated views are reality television to see him as having it all together with a wife and four beautiful children. With this envy comes into play to make others feel miserable as themselves (Kim Kardashian) the more miserable Kanye West thinks he can make other people the better he will feel about himself. He is deflecting from his own miserable lives, and by doing so making him feel better than others. His life will be easy to expose by criticizing him like he has done with Jay Z, Taylor Swift and many others, he explodes in anger and humiliation at the same time he has no empathy for hurting others. It looks as if Kanye West feels entitled to defame others and this entitlement is part of the grandiosity. When it comes to self importance he believes in his actual capabilities, he also don’t need to make others miserable. Kanye West has unfulfilled needs, he does not need protection, his intensity reveals is grandiosity and self importance, he does not have the normal self control of emotions and frustration tolerance.

· Based on the article, which of the narcissism types most accurately reflects the character of this person?

There is only one diagnosis for narcissism and that is Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) but that is define by the DSM as a pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy. To be diagnosed with High-Functioning “Exhibitionist” Type, meaning that thy’re happening all throughout Kanye West lives they’re not episodic. Kanye West have shown several criteria: Kanye was has a grandiose sense of self importance (running for President of the United States of America), he is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love. Kanye West believes that he is special and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with other special or high-status people (The Kardashian family, Jay Z and Beyonce). Kanye West also requires excessive admiration, he also have a sense of entitlement and he also shows arrogant behaviors or attitudes. Being an Exhibitions is the most classic type of narcissists, they don’t feel insecure about themselves at all instead, they feel amazing. They think that they are better, more attractive and so much smarter than those around them, they can be extremely rude and off-putting to those that they encounter.

· What are the various cognitive, emotional, and environmental causes of narcissistic personality disorders?

Like most mental illnesses and especially personality disorders they come from somewhere meaning that something has happened to Kanye West like when he was young, or developing that has causes him to act in the way that he is acting now and that’s why therapy and working on himself can help him overcome. I am sure that people with NPD don’t like how they act or who they are and will in fact reach out for help, this is why people with NPD tend to act out in these grandiose or entitled ways by looking at his true self with all of his flaws and faults and imperfections can cause him to feel extremely vulnerable and emotionally injured (this can come from Kanye West mother’s death). I’ve always believe that those with NPD have had to grow up in a very emotional environment because he don’t really have a true sense of self, instead Kanye West puts up this proud and confident facade to keep his fear and shame hidden and to keep him safe while doing so. If treatment is not given, the person with NPD can be very hostile and abusive, and hurt a lot of people by pulling people in, making them feel like they’re the best thing ever, and then cutting them out of their life completely and leaving them alone, and feeling horribly hurt and disappointed.

· Why do the diagnostic features of narcissistic personality disorder fall on a spectrum?

Everyone has normal narcissistic needs and aspirations and the capacity to regulate those and realize those there’s a certain amount of narcissism and ambition. All of these are narcissistic needs and then there are narcissistic traits, so people can have narcissistic traits in certain situations given certain things happen to them in their life by suddenly they’re getting a lot of attention they’ve gotten an award. People can have transient sort of narcissistic states depending on what’s going on in their life and they ca have some narcissistic traits without having the full-blown personality syndrome. There are also different characters traits like individuals who are more or less masochistic or histrionic or self-defeating that also complicate the way narcissistic pathology presents itself. In early childhood where the ideal aspect of self and other outstrip the realistic self and that skews the whole personality, I think its an inability to regulate one’s normal narcissistic needs and therefore taking on defense of grandiosity or withdrawing into of defensive vulnerable narcissistic state of being preoccupied with fantasy. There is a whole spectrum of narcissism.

· How does the concept of personality disorders apply to any of the following programmatic themes? You may want to review the Programmatic Themes document.

Personality disorder would apply to self-care. The onset of personality disorder is usually in adolescence or in early adulthood and the symptoms include poor emotional regulation skills, frequent mood shifts, intense emotional reactions, impulsive, distorted sense of self and self-harming behaviors. It might be difficult to manage your feelings but with self care can help the individual cope with personality disorder. One example with self-care and personality disorder: behavioral activation a lot of people who struggle with personality disorder engage in activities that are healthy and so it’s important to release the emotional turmoil and any tension through activities that are pleasurable and at the same time helpful and healthy (going for a walk, taking a yoga class, or taking a dance class).

PEER 2- SR

· Based on the article, which of the narcissism types most accurately reflects the character of this person?

· For this discussion I have chosen to examine the character BoJack Horseman from the TV show BoJack Horseman, as this is a character I have been examining and writing about a lot lately. Based on the article, I would say BoJack exhibits behaviors which are congruent with “Fragile/Vulnerable “Covert” Type” of Narcissistic Personality Disorder. The Covert type will exhibit “vulnerability to criticism, and fluctuation between high and low self-esteem” as well as “expectations of superiority or recognition and remain preoccupied mainly with their own sensitivity and perceived failures” (Kim, 2019) which are all traits exhibited by this character.

· What are the various cognitive, emotional, and environmental causes of narcissistic personality disorders?

· At its core much of narcissistic behavior is associated with the need to be accepted. In someone with narcissistic personality disorder, this need can manifest in negative behavioral patterns. It is suspected that often, these behavioral patterns emerge due to a history of abuse and / or neglect from caretaker while the person who is experiencing NPD was a child. For the grandiose type of NPD, a pattern of “parental overvaluation” (Hooley, et al., 2019, p. 341) is associated. For the other subtype, the vulnerable type, this is more strongly associated with “emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, as well as parenting styles characterized as intrusive, controlling, and cold”, which is consistent with the childhood of the character I chose (Hooley, et al., 2019, p. 341).

· Why do the diagnostic features of narcissistic personality disorder fall on a spectrum?

· The first problem with diagnosing someone with a personality disorder of any kind is the diagnostic criteria is a bit more vague compared to the diagnostic criteria of other disorders, as much of the experience of a personality disorder is internal and subjective. The diagnostic clinician must make more judgment calls and has fewer specific criteria to work with. Narcissism is also a common personality trait that most people exhibit and can cause distress to anyone. It is difficult to draw the line between regular, everyday narcissism being harmful, and that narcissism being harmful to the point at which it warrants a clinical diagnosis. (Hooley, et al., 2019, p. 330). There is also a significant amount of overlap and patients may exhibit symptoms of a mix of disorders. Therefore, NPD is better understood as a spectrum and not a specific set of symptoms.

· How does the concept of personality disorders apply to any of the following programmatic themes? You may want to review the Programmatic Themes document.

· I feel emotional intelligence is strongly related to the study and experience of a narcissistic personality disorder because lack of empathy is a key hallmark of the disorder and its subtypes. Empathy also happens to be a key element in emotional intelligence. So, it is crucial to understand the experience of someone with NPD that one is highly emotionally intelligent so that they do not undermine or misinterpret the experience of someone with NPD. As it is also cultural for someone with NPD to gain emotional intelligence in order to treat the disorder.

References

Hooley J. M., Nock M. K., & Butcher J. N. (2019). Abnormal Psychology (Subscription). [MBS Direct]. Retrieved from https://mbsdirect.vitalsource.com/#/books/9780135190968/

Kim, J. (2019, June 12). The Three Subtypes of Narcissistic Personality Disorder. Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/culture-shrink/201906/the-three-subtypes-narcissistic-personality-disorder.

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