ADP Paper essay

Form 1: Industry Selection

Complete the following form.

Identify the industry in which the project will take place. Include the NAICS code and label (e.g., 453998 – All Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers except Tobacco Stores). Also provide one to two paragraphs detailing why you have selected the particular industry.

Education – Private Colleges & Universities: NAICS Code 611310

Supporting Statement

Fairly recent news headlines shine a spotlight on the dismal state of higher education and the potential extinction of Christian liberal arts colleges in the United States:

· “Is the US Higher Education in Trouble?” (Times, n.d.).

· “Will Half of all Colleges Die?” (Forbes, 2018).

· “Fewer Students are Going to College, and Here’s Why” (NPR, 2019).

· “12 Trends Killing Colleges” (Forbes, 2017).

· “The Higher Education Apocalypse” (US News, 2019).

· “Here’s How Higher Education Dies” (The Atlantic, 2018).

· “Why We Still Need Christian Colleges” (Kapic, 2018).

From decade-old prophecies (some of the present foreboding trends were forecasted more than a decade ago), to recent events, and doomsday tales told by futurists, each news story provides evidential support relaying the same message—unprecedented domestic and global changes are challenging the viability of US higher education, especially Christian liberal arts institutions such as ..

Identify five examples of organizations that occupy this segment of the marketplace. Select entities that have great propensity for becoming your ADP partner organization.

· Wheaton College:

· Liberty University:

· Southern Wesleyan University:

· Southern Nazarene University:

· Mount Vernon:


Identify five benefits to society that are gained when the indicated industry is operating properly. Provide a topic statement and then support your response with scholarly evidence in two to three sentences. Properly cite paraphrases and direct quotes per APA 7th edition.

1. A Sense of Community, Diversity, and Inclusion: The proper operation of a university instills a sense of community that reaches out beyond the walls of the institution and it is seen as a place that has one of the most diverse demographics where inclusion is commonplace.

Institutions of higher education have an obvious vested interest in building strong relationships with the communities that surround their campuses. They do not have the option of relocating and thus are of necessity place-based anchors. While corporations, businesses, and residents often flee from economically depressed low-income urban and suburban edge-city neighborhoods, universities remain. At a time when foundations that help establish community-based projects are commonly unable to continue with ongoing involvement over long periods of time, universities can play an important role. Universities are inherently an important potential institutional base for helping community-based economic development in general, and civically engaged development in particular. (University & Community Partnerships, n.d., para. 1)

When the education industry is operating properly, there would also be a greater sense of diversity and inclusion in communities around the globe because of establishing relationships in the wider context of their sphere of influence.

2. Improved Critical Thinking and Decision-Making: A higher-education institution helps students to become better critical thinkers which can positively influence the students’ decision-making in their academic, personal, and professional lives. The result is that society typically gains from the resultant quality decision-making.

Critical thinking is, simply put, careful, skeptical, and conscious thinking; it is the sort of thinking, guided by logic and method, that academics value. Critical thinking is also the ability to view any object of study from multiple perspectives, to recognize the cultural, ideological, and cognitive frames (or schemata) we bring to understanding.

While the value of critical thinking to scholarship is hardly new, only recently have we understood that critical thinking is in itself a habit and a skill, something which, like the composing process, many of our students may have to learn and practice. (Texas A & M University, n.d., paras. 2–3)

3. Personal Development: “People with careers tend to lead more structured lives and have a stronger sense of responsibility, traits that serve as strength-builders in other areas of life” (Vista College, 2019, para. 3). As an industry, education provides the pathway to identify and strengthen competencies that enhance all of life—and beyond the lives of the employees and the students. The sphere of influence of the students (family, church, community, workplace) will also benefit.

4. Economic: “When an entire society is educated, productivity increases, average income increases, and unemployment decreases. This leads to the economic growth and stability of a society as a whole. It starts with education” (University of the People, n.d., para. 19). When the education industry is operating properly, there will be both anticipation and fulfillment of skilled positions that are in need by other industries which support a raised higher standard of living beyond the educated individual. Such anticipation will require universities to work closely with internal and external advisory groups.

5. Civic Involvement: “People with gainful employment and financial resources often give back to the community. When you earn well and your network expands, you are more likely to give to charity and become involved in volunteer work” (Vista College, 2019, para. 3). Whole communities will be recipients of benevolence – such as volunteer labor and resources – from alumni, employees, as well as colleges and universities, when the education institutions are operating properly. The benevolence is reminiscent of that found in Jeremiah 29:5–7 (God’s Word Translation):

Build houses, and live in them. Plant gardens, and eat what they produce. Get married, and have sons and daughters. Find wives for your sons, and let your daughters get married so that they can have sons and daughters. Grow in number there; don’t decrease. Work for the good of the city where I’ve taken you as captives, and pray to the Lord for that city. When it prospers, you will also prosper.

6. Greater Sense of Discipline: “The regiments of education can instill the discipline required in the professional world. By learning to follow complex instructions and meet strict deadlines, [and] be better prepared for the rigors of the marketplace” (Vista College, 2019, para. 3). Society can benefit from the instillation of values such as respect and greater mores which leads to enhanced civility. The Charles Koch Institute clarifies what is meant by civility when stating that

Civil discourse is conversation with a serious purpose. It is conversation that looks to find shared opportunity, not conflict. It is conversation that looks to remove barriers, not build new ones. It is a conversation that instead of becoming paralyzed by our disagreements, uses them to propel creative solutions and alternatives.

7. Faith Enrichment at a Christian University:

Christian colleges include Biblical teachings and principles within their academic courses. Classes go beyond the basics to incorporate a Christian worldview that demonstrates how God’s work and the principles of scripture can be applied to the [topics of study and real-world problems]. By tying the two together, these schools prepare [one] not only for success in [their] desired field but also to approach [one’s] career with a strong foundation in Biblical truth. (Great Value Colleges, n.d., para. 6)

Within the education industry, Christian colleges and universities provide a realm for greater spiritual

freedom and platforms for discussion and debate, and contribute to conversations (e.g., political,

economic, etc.) from a Christian worldview perspective. Society gains from such insight and wisdom.

Identify five hindrances to society that occur when the indicated industry is not operating properly. Provide a topic statement and then support your response with scholarly evidence in two to three sentences. Properly cite paraphrases and direct quotes per APA 7th edition.

1. Stagnant Learning: When not operating properly, the education that is provided is stuck in time, without advancement in support of the present needs. And, further, it is lacking in forethought about the education needs for tomorrow’s issues and newfound career options yet to be identified. “In a world that is constantly changing, education, teaching, and learning cannot remain stagnant” (Filippousis, as cited in Russell, 2019, para. 1)

2. Lack of Subject Matter Expertise: In an environment of poor or improper education operations, professors are never consulted and or they are not able to provide subject-matter expertise that can go beyond theory to be practically applied. There has been a push for softer skills training such as “creativity, cooperation, and critical thinking” (Zwaagstra, 2018, para. 4). Contrary to educators primarily focusing on those “transferable skills across disciplines—even over and above subject matter content, Zwaagstra (2018) stresses that “When it comes to teaching, there is a wealth of research that backs up the claim that teacher expertise matters, and it matters a lot” (para. 8).

3. Decreased Positive Economic Impact: Poor operations, in general, indicate a lack of quality leadership, stewardship of resources, mismanagement of staff, and more – all of which will eventually lead to moderate or weakened economic impact. The industry and society are then harmed by the bad reputation of a few. Thankfully, some websites seek to put a spotlight on “non-recommended” colleges and universities (e.g., Money, Inc.’s Worst Colleges in America).

4. Diminished Faith Enrichment: In the absence of Christian higher education – whether physically or also literally because of an absence of bold faith actions and faith integration in curriculum – the “Great Calling” to be true witnesses to the Gospel is either silenced or greatly diminished which could result in society not knowing the truth of Scriptures or how God’s Word may be made fully alive in all their living. Society might never be introduced into relationship with the Holy Trinity.

CCCU institutions practice a coherent approach to education in which the development of the mind, spirit, body, and emotions are seamlessly woven together in the quest not just for knowledge, but also for wisdom. CCCU institutions train future leaders who are deep thinkers and equipped doers, committed to working for the common good of their communities because of their faith in Jesus Christ. (CCCU, n.d., para. 2)

5. Absence of Whole-Person Learning Equates to Lack of Wholistic Development of Persons: Within the education industry, “…a shift at liberal arts institutions away from the classic liberal arts disciplines and toward more “career-ready” degrees” (Kapic, 2018, para. 3) can hamper whole-person development and societal development as a whole. Interestingly, it is some colleges and universities in Asian countries that are more openly addressing the concept of whole person development. One such college is Board University; their websites boasts the following: “The United Board is committed to education that develops the whole person – intellectually, spiritually, and ethically. Through our programs, we promote a framework that grounds teaching and learning in academic rigor, social concerns, and moral inquiry” (United Board for Christian Higher Education, n.d., para. 1). However, a more detailed review shows that there are missing elements in their whole person development approach and even a concern for propagandizing.

References: List the references for all citations in the last two sections. A minimum of five sources are to be cited. Properly reference cited sources per APA 7th edition, listing them in alphabetical order.

CCCU. (n.d.). Our role in advocacy.

Charles Koch Institute. (n.d.). What is civil discourse?


Great Value Colleges. (n.d.). 5 benefits of attending a Christian college.

5 Benefits of Attending a Christian College

Kapic, K. (2018, September). Why we still need Christian colleges.

Russell, B. (2019, May 28). Microsoft education.



Texas A & M University. (n.d.). Critical thinking.

United Board. (n.d.). Learn about whole person education.

Learn About Whole Person Education

University of the People. (n.d.). Benefits of education are societal and personal.

Benefits of Education Are Societal and Personal

Universities & community partnership. (n.d.).

Vista College. (2019, November 26). The importance of higher education in the 21st century.

The Importance of Higher Education in the 21st Century

Zwaagstra, M. D. (2018, August 14). Teacher expertise really does matter.

Teacher Expertise Really Does Matter

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