Define and discuss active and passive victim precipitation. (1 Full Paragraph)
Source: Siegel, L.J. (2018). Criminology Theories, Patterns and Typologies. (13th Edition)
Active and Passive Victim precipitation
Active and Passive Victim Precipitation
Victim precipitation seeks to define the extent of the victim’s responsivity towards his or her victimization. Many criminal acts today are, as a result, the victim’s causative actions either Inadvertently or with intention. The criminal justice department is faced with a lot of dilemmas in an attempt to resolve such cases. For essence, the victim’s unintentional facilitation aided the offender to commit the crime. There are two forms of victim precipitation, either active or passive. Passive precipitation describes the victim’s possession of personal traits and characteristics that could easily provoke by either encouraging or threatening the offender towards committing an offense, an exemplary instance, cases of sexual assault.
In most cases, the victims may be unaware that their characteristics incite the aggressor (Siegel, 2018). On the other hand, active precipitation is when the victim directly contributes to the incident by directly provoking the offender. For essence, through abusive words or threats and, in some extreme cases, initiate the attacks.
A lot of research has been conducted over time to understand the offender’s responsibility relative to that of the criminal. Understanding the victim’s precipitation and the theories surrounding its validity play an imperative role in understanding crime. The study of victim precipitation, victimology, helps determine criminal act dynamics by examining the victim’s contribution, thus facilitating shared responsibility. However, critics argue that precipitation theories and their associated research lean towards shifting the victim (Siegel, 2018). This, in one way or the other, undermines the pursuit of justice duly. In some instances, victim precipitation helps obtain in-depth knowledge of the crime, which goes beyond blame concerns but rather contributes to the positive reduction of victimization and crime. Moreover, victim precipitation allows for partial defense or self-defense concept in law; thus, fair trails and just verdicts evade victims’ culpability or deem a blind eye on the offender’s role.
Siegel, L.J. (2018). Criminology Theories, Patterns and Typologies. (13th Edition)