Stroke – Case Presentation

Stroke – Case Presentation. Directions:

Give an overview of the patient with the presumptive diagnosis*. You can “create” a patient case based on your knowledge of the diagnosis, based on a patient you have seen in your work or personal experience.
Give an overview of the diagnosis including risk factors and how they cause or contribute to adaptation or pathogenesis.
Give an in-depth discussion of the pathophysiology of your diagnosis as it occurs over time; include signs, symptoms, diagnostic studies and the underlying pathophysiologic processcausing these signs and symptoms. Support this pathophysiology with high level Evidence.
Summarize treatments and outcomes in terms of pathophysiologic
Once you have had an in-depth discussion of your diagnosis overall, be sure to connect your case discussion back to the patient you have presented. Example, if your patient has HTN and DM, be sure to include a discussion of the symptoms that your patient is exhibiting and discuss treatments specifically aimed for your patient.
Support your case discussion with current (in the past 5 years) high level evidence. Patient information portals, disease association websites and other resources such as Up-to-date, Epocrates, Medscape, Mayo Clinic are not considered high levels of evidence and should be avoided for your presentations. While use of the course textbooks is permitted, a minimum of 3 high level citations outside of the course texts is required. If you are unclear about what is considered high level evidence, please review content from your Evidence Based Nursing Practice Course
Include some graphics to support your presentation and to make it more visually engaging
The discussion of the case progression and pathophysiology is typically 10 -15 slides (including title and reference slides), and 15-20 minutes in length. APA formatting for your presentation is required.

Title Slide: Stroke – Case Presentation

Slide 1: Introduction

Begin with a brief introduction to the topic of stroke.
Explain that the following presentation will focus on a case presentation of a patient with a presumptive diagnosis of stroke.
Provide an outline of the presentation.
Slide 2: Patient Overview

Introduce the patient case, including age, gender, and relevant medical history.
Highlight any risk factors present in the patient that contribute to stroke.
Mention any symptoms the patient is experiencing.
Slide 3: Diagnosis Overview

Provide an overview of stroke, including its definition and prevalence.
Discuss common risk factors for stroke such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and obesity.
Explain how these risk factors contribute to the development of stroke and its pathogenesis.
Slide 4: Pathophysiology of Stroke

Discuss the pathophysiological process of stroke over time.
Explain the two main types of stroke: ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke.
Describe the underlying mechanisms of each type, supported by high-level evidence.
Highlight the cascade of events leading to neuronal damage and functional deficits.
Slide 5: Signs and Symptoms

Discuss the typical signs and symptoms of stroke.
Include both focal and non-focal neurological symptoms.
Explain how the location and extent of the brain injury determine the clinical presentation.
Support this information with relevant diagnostic studies and high-level evidence.
Slide 6: Diagnostic Studies

Provide an overview of diagnostic studies used in stroke evaluation.
Include imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Discuss the role of laboratory tests and clinical assessments in confirming the diagnosis.
Present evidence supporting the use of these diagnostic modalities.
Slide 7: Treatment Approaches

Discuss the treatment options for stroke.
Include both acute and long-term management strategies.
Talk about the importance of time-sensitive interventions like thrombolytic therapy.
Discuss other interventions such as endovascular procedures and neurorehabilitation.
Slide 8: Pathophysiologic Alterations and Outcomes

Summarize the treatments and their impact on pathophysiologic alterations.
Discuss how early interventions can improve outcomes and reduce disability.
Mention potential complications and their impact on recovery.
Support this information with high-level evidence and clinical studies.
Slide 9: Case Discussion and Connection

Connect the information discussed back to the presented case.
Discuss how the risk factors and pathophysiology of stroke relate to the patient’s condition.
Highlight any specific symptoms or diagnostic findings relevant to the case.
Propose treatment options tailored to the patient’s needs.
Slide 10: Conclusion

Recap the key points discussed in the presentation.
Emphasize the importance of early recognition and treatment in stroke management.
Encourage further education and awareness about stroke prevention.
Thank the audience for their attention.

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