CAPSTONE: PART I
1. Title Page- Inadequate pain management in postoperative patients.
2. Introduction to your proposed problem: – Significance of the Practice Problem: Discuss the identified Practice Problem. -Introduce the topic of the paper. -Describe the health problem. Don’t type “Introduction.” or “PICOT” -Present your PICOT in paragraph[h format -Using data and statistics, support your claim that your selected issue is a problem. – Include your purpose statement and what specifically you will address in your proposed program. -Be sure your proposed outcome is realistic and measurable.
3. PICOT- Should be discussed in detail. This section should include your PICOT question but also should provide thorough descriptions of your population, intervention, comparison intervention, outcome, and timing (if appropriate to your question). The word PICOT is a mnemonic derived from the elements of a clinical research question – patient, intervention, comparison, outcome, and (sometimes) time. The PICOT process begins with a case scenario, and the question is phrased to elicit an answer. P – Patient/Problem I – Intervention C – Comparison O – Outcome T – Timeframe
PICOT QUESTION IS: In postoperative patients (P), does the implementation of a multimodal pain management approach (I), compared to traditional unimodal pain management (C), result in improved pain control, reduced opioid consumption, and shorter hospital stays (O), within the first 72 hours after surgery (T)?
4. Describe the vulnerable population -Discuss the impact of social determinants on health for your selected population. -What are the risk factors that make this a vulnerable population? -Use evidence to support the risk factors you have identified. 5. Research should be from scholarly journals of evidence-based interventions that address the problem. -Peer-reviewed research articles not older than five years (all articles must be used in your paper)
6. Proposal -Propose addressing the selected health problem using an evidence-based intervention in your literature search to address the problem in the selected population/setting. -Include a thorough discussion of the specifics of this intervention which include resources necessary, those involved, and feasibility for a nurse in an advanced role. -Be sure to include a timeline for the intervention proposed.
7. Theoretical Framework/Nursing Theory- This section should include the theoretical framework which supports your project. Describe a theory or model to serve as the foundation for your project. – Overall, you should be able to introduce the problem and why this is significant to the healthcare system. For example: What impact does it have on the patient, community, cost of care, quality of life, readmissions and so forth -Use appropriate APA 7th Ed. format along with Syllabus outline -Scholarly, peer-reviewed, and research articles cited should be within the last five years. -This section should be 3 pages long (not including the title and reference page). -Use proper in-text citations with a properly formatted reference list. -All papers must be written in the 3rd person.
PLEASE USE THE Nursing Theoretical/Change Theory (The Health Belief Model) FOR THE CAPSTONE
Inadequate Pain Management in Postoperative Patients
The significance of the practice problem lies in the inadequate pain management experienced by postoperative patients. This paper aims to address the identified practice problem, providing a comprehensive understanding of the health issue. The topic revolves around the challenges associated with pain management in the postoperative period, which can negatively impact patient outcomes and quality of care. By implementing a multimodal pain management approach, this program seeks to improve pain control, reduce opioid consumption, and shorten hospital stays within the first 72 hours after surgery.
The purpose of this proposed program is to develop an evidence-based intervention that tackles the issue of inadequate pain management in postoperative patients. By employing a multimodal approach, it is expected to yield realistic and measurable outcomes, leading to enhanced pain control, reduced reliance on opioids, and improved efficiency in healthcare delivery.
Patient/Problem: Postoperative patients
Intervention: Implementation of a multimodal pain management approach
Comparison: Traditional unimodal pain management
Outcome: Improved pain control, reduced opioid consumption, and shorter hospital stays
Timeframe: Within the first 72 hours after surgery
The vulnerable population affected by inadequate pain management in postoperative patients includes individuals with specific risk factors and social determinants that impact their health. These risk factors may include older age, lower socioeconomic status, limited access to healthcare, comorbidities, and history of substance abuse. The impact of social determinants on health in this population can manifest as delayed recovery, increased complications, prolonged hospital stays, decreased quality of life, and higher healthcare costs.
Evidence supports the identification of these risk factors in the vulnerable population. For example, studies have shown that older adults may experience greater pain severity after surgery due to age-related physiological changes. Additionally, individuals with lower socioeconomic status may face barriers to adequate pain management, such as limited access to healthcare resources and financial constraints.
Research on Evidence-Based Interventions:
To address the problem of inadequate pain management in postoperative patients, it is essential to utilize evidence-based interventions. Scholarly journals have published research articles in the last five years that provide insights into effective interventions. These interventions may include the use of non-opioid analgesics, regional anesthesia techniques, patient education, and psychosocial support. It is crucial to examine these interventions’ effectiveness, safety, and feasibility in the proposed program.
The proposed intervention to address inadequate pain management in postoperative patients involves implementing a multimodal pain management approach. This intervention will require the allocation of appropriate resources, including medications, medical equipment, healthcare professionals, and educational materials. It is feasible for nurses in advanced roles to lead and coordinate this intervention, working collaboratively with other healthcare team members.
The timeline for the proposed intervention will depend on various factors, such as the surgical setting, patient population, and available resources. A detailed timeline will be developed considering preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative phases, focusing on the first 72 hours after surgery. This timeline will include activities such as pain assessment, medication administration, non-pharmacological interventions, patient education, and interdisciplinary communication.
Theoretical Framework/Nursing Theory: The Health Belief Model
The Health Belief Model will serve as the theoretical framework for this project. This model suggests that individuals’ health behaviors are influenced by their perceptions of the severity of the health problem, susceptibility to the problem, benefits of taking action, barriers to taking action, and cues to action. By applying this model, the proposed intervention aims to address patients’ beliefs and motivations regarding pain management, enhance their understanding of the benefits of multimodal approaches, and mitigate perceived barriers to optimal pain control.
The inadequate pain management experienced by postoperative patients not only affects individual patients but also has implications for the healthcare system. Improved pain control can lead to reduced complications, decreased readmissions, enhanced patient satisfaction, and overall cost savings. By utilizing the Health Belief Model, this project aims to promote patient-centered care, improve healthcare outcomes, and optimize the utilization of resources.