Custom Writing Help For You!

Special Discounts Offers! 20-30% Off!

Posted: December 10th, 2022

Can you explain the pathophysiological changes that occur in the lungs during chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Can you explain the pathophysiological changes that occur in the lungs during chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and how they lead to symptoms such as shortness of breath and decreased lung function?
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive and irreversible condition that affects the lungs and the ability to breathe. It is caused by exposure to harmful substances, such as tobacco smoke, that damage the airways and the alveoli, the tiny air sacs where gas exchange occurs. COPD can manifest as chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both.

Chronic bronchitis is characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the bronchi, the large airways that branch from the trachea. This leads to increased mucus production, coughing, and difficulty breathing. The mucus can also trap bacteria and cause infections.

Emphysema is a disease of the alveoli, which lose their elasticity and become overstretched. This impairs their ability to recoil and expel carbon dioxide from the lungs. As a result, some alveoli collapse and create larger air spaces that reduce the surface area for gas exchange. This leads to shortness of breath, especially during physical activity.

The pathophysiological changes in COPD affect not only the lungs, but also the cardiovascular system. The reduced oxygen levels in the blood can cause pulmonary hypertension, which is high blood pressure in the arteries that supply the lungs. This puts extra strain on the right side of the heart, which has to pump harder to overcome the resistance. Over time, this can lead to right-sided heart failure, also known as cor pulmonale.

COPD is a serious condition that can impair the quality of life and increase the risk of mortality. However, it can be prevented by avoiding exposure to harmful substances and treated by medications, oxygen therapy, pulmonary rehabilitation, and lifestyle changes.

References:

– COPD Pathophysiology: What Happens to Your Lungs? – Verywell Health. https://www.verywellhealth.com/copd-pathophysiology-914745 (accessed Oct 5, 2023).
– What Is the Pathophysiology of COPD? – Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/health/copd/pathophysiology (accessed Oct 5, 2023).
– Understanding COPD from a cardiovascular perspective – Harvard Health. https://www.health.harvard.edu/heart-health/understanding-copd-from-a-cardiovascular-perspective (accessed Oct 5, 2023).

Tags: , , , , , , , ,

Order for this Paper or similar Answer/Assignment Writing Service

Place your order by filling a guided instructions form in 3 easy steps.

Why choose our Study Bay Services?

Like every student, Focusing on achieving the best grades is our main goal

Top Essay Writers

We have carefully cultivated a team of exceptional academic writers, each with specialized expertise in particular subject areas and a proven track record of research writing excellence. Our writers undergo rigorous screening and evaluation to ensure they hold relevant advanced degrees and demonstrate mastery of English grammar, citation style, and research methodology. Recent projects completed by our writers include research papers on topics such as sustainable energy policy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and molecular genetics.

Student-Based Prices

We prioritize attracting highly skilled writers through competitive pay and strive to offer the most cost-effective services for students. References from recent years include surveys of customer satisfaction with online writing services conducted by the American Customer Satisfaction Index between 2018 to 2022, demonstrating our commitment to balancing affordable costs with high standards of work through positive reviews and retention of expert writers.

100% Plagiarism-Free

We guarantee 100% original and plagiarism-free final work through a thorough scanning of every draft copy using advanced plagiarism detection software before release, ensuring authentic and high-quality content for our valued customers. To note, we also do not generate assignment content with AI tool, thus you a guaranteed 0% similarity index for your final research paper.

How it works

When you decide to place an order with Study Pro Essay, here is what happens:

Complete the Order Form

You will complete our order form, filling in all of the fields and giving us as much detail as possible.

Assignment of Writer

We analyze your order and match it with a writer who has the unique qualifications to complete it, and he begins from scratch.

Order in Production and Delivered

You and,the support and your writer communicate directly during the process, and, once you receive the final draft, you either approve it or ask for revisions.

Giving us Feedback (and other options)

We want to know how your experience went. You can read other clients’ testimonials too. And among many options, you can choose a favorite writer.