In the United States, almost seven million people are under correctional supervision. Thirty percent of these persons are detained in prisons or jails, while the rest are supervised in the community after going through various criminal justice system processes. The justification for community corrections is that the majority of people who have run afoul of the law are gentle or nonviolent offenders. In some circumstances, offenders violate the law in such a way that they must face penalty. Furthermore, it has been proven to be a useful technique for offenders to keep their jobs and continue contact with their families because it helps to heal the harm they have brought to society. Finally, governments may regard it as a method to reduce the number of individuals incarcerated.
Corrections in the Community
Probation and parole
According to Caruana (2018), particular populations of offenders such as women, sex offenders, and substance addicts require special care as well. Pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, mental problems, and drug users requiring daily medication are the most common individual cases among female criminals. Another example is older adults in prison, the bulk of whom are there because they must complete mandated minimum sentences. In other situations, several of them have served lengthy prison sentences. When compared to their younger counterparts, such persons have special cases, such as suffering from different health concerns. As a result, Caruana (2018) contends that community correction institutions are needed because offenders with particular problems, such as those with mental illness, receive better and more stabilized care than when they are in a prison facility. According to Caruana (2018), the engagement of their family helps them rehabilitate faster because they are less likely to be victimized than while they are in prison.
In most situations, sex offenders are sentenced to extended prison terms, which works against them, especially given that they often struggle to adapt to community correctional arrangements due to stigma. However, because these criminals frequently have specific problems such as HIV/AIDS or drug addiction, community correction is a useful approach for them because they have easy access to better treatment. Furthermore, offenders with varied disabilities tend to benefit quickly through community correction. Similarly, offenders with chronic illnesses or contagious medical issues benefit more from community corrections since they receive better care while minimizing disease transmission in crowded prison institutions. As a result, community corrections are critical because they give offenders with special needs with a place to fulfill their punishment while receiving better treatment than in prison.
Volunteering in the community
Community corrections includes a number of criminal punishments. Community service, electronic monitoring, and day reporting are three of them (Brown, 2019). Offenders are assigned particular work hours. Their work or service is unpaid and is not sponsored by tax agency. Probationary sentences include community service. It offers a number of advantages, including a lower caseload under probation supervision. The offenders are exposed to the workplace. It’s a symbolic method of repaying the community, and some of the results are therapeutic for the probationer.
Electronic signals are used in this system. Messages are delivered to a centralized computer via a gadget via a telephone. An offender wears it to aid in tracking his or her travels. Offenders who utilize this device are frequently subjected to home arrest, curfews, a restricted permit to work or school, or are prohibited from entering certain areas. The machine is normally free to the general public. Offenders who employed this strategy in prior years have been arrested for new offenses. Only a small percentage of the population has attempted to flee.
Those on probation or parole who are mentally ill are required to report to several stations on a daily basis. Job training, a mental health counseling center, and a substance abuse treatment center are among the stations. Depending on local financing, regimens might range from the most elaborate to the most basic. The daily cost is determined by the number of services provided by community agencies. Community mental health is one example of these programs. The minimum amount for day reporting for necessary services may be around four dollars.
Some assumptions are made about community corrections and the entire concept of criminal punishments. The majority of those who breach the law are not violent or dangerous. The vast majority of these offenders commit violations that are punished by injunctions (Hanser, 2013). Most of the time, they do not need to be removed from the community. Keeping them in the community as a way of helping them maintain family relationships as a way of repairing the harm they cause the city is advisable. Treatment programs are available to a greater number of persons in community corrections than in jails and prisons. The public is more than safe with these types of convicts on parole or probation. The system also works, therefore, restoring victims in the united states.
The purpose of sanctions is to punish the offender by inflicting a type of loss and expressing how the behavior of the offender is unacceptable to the community. It is meant to undermine the number of times offenders commit further crime. It deters an offender from committing crimes further by imposing a penalty. It rehabilitates offenders by putting measures that help in making offenders desist from future offenses and to separate offenders by imposing sanctions that involve direct or indirect compensation for the harm caused when a crime is committed.
Brown, D. (2019). Community Sanctions as Pervasive Punishment: A Review Essay. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 8(4), 140.
Caruana, R. (2018). Community Corrections’ service delivery model: An evidence-based approach to reduce reoffending. Judicial Officers Bulletin, 30(6), 57.
Hanser, R. D. (2013). Community corrections. Sage Publications.