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Posted: June 16th, 2022

Exploration of occupational safety and health in Pakistan’s ship breaking and recycling industry

Exploration of occupational safety and health in Pakistan’s ship breaking and recycling industry
Introduction
The ship breaking and recycling industry in Pakistan is a significant contributor to the country’s economy, providing employment for thousands of workers and generating revenue through the sale of scrap metal. However, this industry is also known for its poor occupational safety and health (OSH) standards, resulting in numerous accidents and injuries among workers. This paper aims to explore the state of OSH in Pakistan’s ship breaking and recycling industry and to identify the main challenges and solutions in improving the industry’s OSH practices.
Background
The ship breaking and recycling industry in Pakistan is primarily concentrated in the coastal city of Gadani, located in the Balochistan province. The industry has been in operation for several decades and employs a large number of unskilled and semi-skilled workers, many of whom are migrants from other parts of Pakistan.
The ship breaking process involves the dismantling and recycling of old and decommissioned ships, a process that is known for its hazardous nature. Workers are exposed to a range of hazards, including falling debris, toxic chemicals, and dangerous machinery. The lack of proper OSH training and equipment, combined with poor working conditions, has led to a high rate of accidents and injuries among workers.
Challenges
There are several challenges that contribute to the poor OSH standards in the ship breaking and recycling industry in Pakistan. One of the main challenges is the lack of government regulation and oversight. The industry is largely unmonitored and there is little enforcement of existing OSH laws and regulations.
Another challenge is the lack of proper OSH training and equipment for workers. Many workers are unskilled and have not received proper training on how to safely perform their tasks, leading to accidents and injuries. Additionally, many workers do not have access to proper personal protective equipment (PPE) and are not provided with adequate safety equipment to perform their tasks.
Poor working conditions also contribute to the poor OSH standards in the ship breaking and recycling industry. Many workers are employed on a casual or temporary basis, and have no job security or benefits. This has led to a lack of motivation among workers to adhere to OSH practices, as they are not invested in the long-term success of the industry.
Solutions
There are several solutions that can be implemented to improve the OSH standards in the ship breaking and recycling industry in Pakistan. One solution is to increase government regulation and oversight of the industry. This can be done by strengthening existing OSH laws and regulations and by providing more resources to enforcement agencies to monitor the industry.
Another solution is to provide proper OSH training and equipment to workers. This can be done by creating training programs that teach workers how to safely perform their tasks and by providing PPE and other safety equipment to workers.
Improving working conditions is also a key solution in improving OSH in the ship breaking and recycling industry. This can be done by providing job security and benefits to workers, and by creating a culture of safety within the industry. This can be achieved through regular safety audits, and by implementing a safety management system.
Conclusion
The ship breaking and recycling industry in Pakistan is a significant contributor to the country’s economy, providing employment for thousands of workers and generating revenue through the sale of scrap metal. However, the industry is also known for its poor occupational safety and health (OSH) standards, resulting in numerous accidents and injuries among workers. The main challenges that contribute to the poor OSH standards in the industry are lack of government regulation and oversight, lack of proper OSH training and equipment for workers, and poor working conditions. To improve OSH standards in the industry, solutions such as increasing government regulation and oversight, providing proper OSH training and equipment, and improving working conditions need to be

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