Bacteria and Integrity of Host Organism
Bacteria and Integrity of Host Organism
Bacteria have an impact on host organisms by affecting the function of the cells and causing infection. The effect is critical to a host organism since it can undermine the health of an organism. Bacteria will gain entry into a cell through the cell wall. One of the methods is phagocytosis. The second method is the multiplication of the cells that lead to crowding. The diversity of the methods depends on the type of bacteria and the impact it will cause on the cell. Bacteria affect the integrity of host organisms through specialized adaptation, mutation, genetic recombination, and the production of immunosuppressive materials. The purpose of the essay is to examine bacteria and how they interfere with the integrity of cells of the host organism.
Bacteria and Host Cells
Bacteria invade host cells through a process called phagocytosis. Bacteria have larger sizes compared to viruses that invade host organisms through receptor-mediated endocytosis. Phagocytosis is a function of the cells to undermine the foreign bodies that may attempt to interfere with the cells (Islam et al., 2018). However, some bacteria have learned how to survive even after phagocytosis occurs. The effect can interfere with the integrity of the cell wall. The damage can cause a weak cell wall and penetration of the bacteria. The bacteria can multiply and affect the cell of the host organism Islam et al., 2018). The effect is critical for the survival of a cell.
Bacteria affect the integrity of host organisms through specialized adaptation, mutation, genetic recombination, and the production of immunosuppressive materials. The bacteria can use diverse methods to affect the host organisms (Nystrom et al. 2021). The diversity of the methods depends on the type of bacteria and the impact it will cause on the cell. For instance, some bacteria affect the functions of a cell or suppress the immune response. The technique of affecting the integrity of a cell determines the appropriate response a cell will generate to counter the bacteria (Nystrom et al. 2021). A successful breach of the integrity of the host organism when bacteria affect the functioning of a host cell.
Bacteria will affect a host cell by crowding the cell to interfere with the normal functioning of a cell. The process of crowding occurs when bacteria as a result of the bacteria trying to affect the cell (Nystrom et al. 2021). One of the ways of affecting the cell is to produce toxins that will destroy the host cell. The toxins will affect the cell wall of the host organism. The effect of the cell wall can provide an opportunity to penetrate the cell and affect normal function. Another method is multiplying rapidly to affect the normal function of the cell (Islam et al., 2018). The multiplication is a result of the autoimmune system that responds by killing the bacteria. White blood cells respond automatically when the body detects foreign objects.
The bacteria can secrete toxins that affect the protein function of the cell. The protein function is the major component of the cell and damaging it leads to death. Destroying multiple cells in an organism can weaken the immune system (Islam et al., 2018). The effect of the invasion will cause an infection that requires medical intervention.
Bacteria can use diverse methods to affect the integrity of the host organism. The invasion affects the cells and undermines the integrity of a cell. The interference leads to an infection due to the impact on the health of an organism.
Islam, M. Z., Sharmin, S., Moniruzzaman, M., & Yamazaki, M. (2018). Elementary processes for the entry of cell-penetrating peptides into lipid bilayer vesicles and bacterial cells. Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 102(9), 3879-3892.
Nystrom, E. E., Martinez-Abad, B., Arike, L., Birchenough, G. M., Nonnecke, E. B., Castillo, P. A., … & Johansson, M. E. (2021). An intercrypt subpopulation of goblet cells is essential for colonic mucus barrier function. Science, 372(6539).