How Do I Write an Abstract?
Each time an author conducts a detailed scientific study, he or she is required to provide a summary of the entire study, including the methods, background information, and outcomes. The “Abstract” is a succinct summary of the entire document. It can be considered the lynchpin of the entire research project because it informs readers about the research’s purpose and outcomes in great detail.
It is nearly impossible for readers to recognize the originality of your research if you do not provide them with an exhaustive abstract. Accordingly, an effective abstract is written with two objectives in mind: to inform potential readers about the research and to inform research databases about your thesis. If you have done a literature review during the course of the study, you will understand the significance of an abstract due to the enormous amount of reading that would be required otherwise.
However, although there are no restrictions on the number of words or the proportions of the abstract, the average length of an abstract is 150-250 words. In order to write a succinct abstract, you must include the following components in your writing:
The goals of your research establish the overall purpose of your investigation. This purpose could be a subjective (qualitative) one, or it could be formulated as formal objectives for your research project. You should include some social background information about your research before stating your specific objective so that there is a clear link between the problem and the solution offered by your research in either case when writing aims. In all cases, objectives should be written in the present or past tense, and they should include formal verbs such as analyse, assess, evaluate, and investigate.
As an illustration,
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of A on B.
The purpose of this study will be to investigate the relationship between A and B.
The research methods that you used to investigate your research objectives/questions are the next step in the process. In contrast to the objectives, this component should be objective and should include a thorough description of all relevant nuances of the research methodologies that you used. In addition to the research philosophy and approach, the methods section should include the design and experiment (if any), sample selection and size, as well as data collection and analysis techniques Abstracts, on the other hand, do not require a justification of the advantages and disadvantages of methods. It is possible that you have already completed this task in the methodology section of the actual research. It is customary for this section to be written in the past tense.
As an illustration,
The data in this study was analyzed using the SPSS statistical software.
✖ The data for this study will be analyzed using the SPSS statistical software.
Following the methodology section, you should summarize the research findings in a way that highlights the most important aspect of the findings. Keep in mind that research findings are typically lengthy and complex, involving numerous nuances. But avoid including them in your abstract because doing so will not only lengthen it, but it may also detract from the overall purpose of writing it. A summary of 1-3 lines should be provided in the case of a qualitative research study, and the findings should be discussed in detail. On the other hand, in the case of a quantitative study, it is important to clearly identify the interactions of variables with one another as well as all relevant numerical values. Remember!! It is important not to be ambiguous.
As an illustration,
According to this study, there is a weak correlation of 0.3 between A and B.
✖ According to the findings of this study, there is a weak relationship between A and B.
Finally, the conclusion represents the culmination of your research. To summarize your findings, you should provide a concise answer to the question you posed at the outset of the study in such a way that any reader could easily understand the significance of your findings and whether your hypothesis has been proven or disproven. Furthermore, if the research has any significant systemic limitations, these should be mentioned in this section as well. Additionally, recommendations are usually included at the conclusion of a research project, especially if the research project addressed a practical problem.
As an illustration,
According to the findings of the study, A increases B.
✖ According to the findings, there is a strong relationship between A and B.
When Should an Abstract Be Written?
As a general rule of thumb, you should write your abstract at the very end of your thesis paper. Using this information, the author can pinpoint precisely which aspects are the most important and, as a result, should be mentioned in the abstract. Although some gurus recommend doing it after you have completed your first draft of your thesis, it is recommended that you do it after you have completed your final draft. This is due to the fact that in complex research projects, there are numerous things that are added or removed between the first draft and the final draft.
What is the significance of writing a good abstract?
Because of the large number of publications that are published every day in any given field of science, a good abstract has become an essential component of scientific explorations. In such a situation, a strong abstract can make the difference between having your publication viewed/read and cited and not being cited at all. A good abstract is also a creative gateway to draw readers’ attention to your study, whereas a boring abstract may discourage even the most attentive readers from considering your publication to be worthwhile of their time to read. In addition to this, whenever a user searches for the keywords mentioned in the abstract, digital research engines will use those keywords to find the information. This means that an effective abstract increases the likelihood of your writing being read more frequently.