The state of Alwar is situated within the northeast a part of Rajasthan. It’s thought-about the oldest kingdom in Rajasthan. The historical past of Alwar is steeped into mythology and folklore. In historic India it was part of the Matsya Kingdom, which the Kauravas launched into the cattle-rustling mission, which resulted within the well-known struggle of Kurukshetra with the Pandavas. The historical past of Alwar dates again to 1500 BC when it was fashioned part of the Matsya territory of Viratnagar. The area of Viratnagar additionally included Karauli, Bharatpur and Dholpur.
Therefore the very foundations of the district are rooted within the Hindu epic, Mahabharata. With a historical past that’s 3500 years previous the district of Alwar nonetheless stands tall as a preferred vacationer vacation spot in Rajasthan. The identify Matsya Desh merely means the `land of the fish`. It’s on this place that the Pandavas spent the 13th yr of exile. The native individuals of this land helped the Pandavas of their battle in opposition to Kauravas.
Throughout the medieval period Alwar rose to prominence. Due to its strategic location the state was a supply of curiosity to the Mughals, Marathas, the Jats of Bharatpur, Nikumbha and Kachhawaha Rajputs and the British. All of those teams have dominated Alwar. Consequently the cultural influences of Alwar are fairly assorted. The primary to occupy the throne of Alwar was the Nikumbhas. That they had additionally constructed a fort. The ruins of this fort are nonetheless seen inside the district. So far as the Mughals are involved they made Alwar their base and from right here that they had fought many essential battles in opposition to Ranthambore. After the Mughals it was the flip of the Jats to rule this district.
Lastly Alwar acquired political stability within the palms of Thakur Pratap Singh belonging to the Kachhawaha Rajputs from Jaipur. Even with a mean financial situation this ruling class was in a position to reward the district with splendid palaces and led a life in utmost luxurious. Nonetheless, such squandering nature resulted within the downfall of the Kachhawaha Rajputs. This disgruntled the lots.
Nonetheless, it can’t be denied that it was Pratap Singh who rescued Alwar from a political instability. He grew to become an ally of the British and he was awarded the title of Maharaja by the British. Within the yr 1771 Alwar grew to become the youngest Rajput Kingdom. After Maharaja Pratap Singh Bakhtawar Singh succeeded to the throne of Alwar. As historic proof his chhatri is to be discovered within the metropolis of Alwar.
Raja Banai Singh is one other commendable identify within the historical past of Rajasthan. He dominated Alwar from 1815 to 1857 AD. He was an ideal lover of artwork and contributed considerably within the beautification of Alwar. Nonetheless the best identify in its historical past needs to be Maharaja Jai Singh. the succeeded to the throne within the yr 1902 AD. He dominated for 30 years and is well-known for his refined life-style….He was deposed by the British.