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Posted: February 1st, 2020

The Relevance Of Cognitive Psychology Today Psychology Essay

The Relevance Of Cognitive Psychology Today Psychology Essay
Behaviorism.
Behaviorism was founded in the early 20 century psychologist John B. Watson It refers to the school of that all behaviors can, changed, through with the environmentism, also known as behavioral psychology is based on the theory that all behaviors acquired through. major types of studied by are classical conditioning, proposed by Ivan Pavlov, and operant conditioning B.F Sk
Conditioning and the Environment
Behavior believe that responses to environmental stimuli behavior a process of conditioning. Classical conditioning when occurring associated new stimulus. Forlov famous experiment that learned to associate the of a bell with food. Oper to behaviors are or on consequences.inner that behaviors by reinforcement, such as food or praise are more likely repeated. Behaviors followed by to decrease. Through conditioning, the environment influences the acquisition and change of
Observable Behaviors as the Focus
A core tenet of is the study of observable behaviors, not internal mental states are to measure (1). Behaviorists sought to establish psychology as objective, empirical science focusing solely on what can observed They rejected concepts like emotions, and cognition as subjects of study2 Behaviorism psychology in the halfth directly influenced to, health treatment, training (3).
Criticisms and Decline
While behaviorism provided a systematic framework, it reductionist by ignoring internal cognitive processes4 rise of the 1950s60s behaviorism by studying topics like-solving, memory, language processing (5 experimental methods allowed investigation of (6 theitism largely replaced behavior the dominant paradigm psychology (7).
However, remains influential today. Behavior analysis applies principles ofant classical conditioning issues like,ism, modification (8ap inism like applied behavior widely used practice (al research also provide insights into,,-making ( summary behavior declined as psychology’s, systematic study of observable and conditioning principles form an enduring foundation for understanding how environments shape human and animal balanced, multidis approach incorporates behavioral and now characterizes psychology
References
Watson, J B. (1913). Psychology as behavior views it. Psychological review,),.
Skinner F1953). Science and human behavior. New York: Macmillan.
Hergenhahn, B. R & Henley T. B. (2014 An introduction to history of psychology. Cage 4.,..2003). cognitive revolution: A perspective Trends in cognitive, 7(3), 141-144.
Neisser, U. Cognitive: Appleton-Century-Crofts 6 Baars, B. J.). cognitive psychology. Guil. 7 Friedenberg, J., &man,.2006). science: An introduction of. Sage. 8., J.., Heron, T. E Heward, L. (2020). Applied behavior analysis. Pearson.
Luiselli. K, D.. (Eds.). (2016). Behavioral sport psychology-based to performance. Springer Publishing Company. 10 Kahneman (, and slow.. let me know you would like me to elaborate on any of the article provide additional. I’m happy behaviorism topics.

Study Notes:
The Relevance of Cognitive Psychology Today

Cognitive psychology is the scientific study of mental processes such as attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and reasoning. [1] It emerged in the 1960s as a reaction to behaviorism, which focused only on observable behavior and ignored the inner workings of the mind. [2] Cognitive psychology uses models of mental processing to explain human behavior and help people deal with psychological difficulties. [3] In this article, we will discuss the relevance of cognitive psychology today, and how it has contributed to various fields and applications.

One of the main contributions of cognitive psychology is the understanding of how people learn and remember information. Cognitive psychologists have studied how memory works, how it can be improved, how it can be distorted, and how it can be affected by aging and emotions. [4] They have also developed theories and techniques for enhancing learning, such as elaboration, mnemonics, spaced practice, retrieval practice, and metacognition. [5] These findings have implications for education, training, and self-regulated learning.

Another contribution of cognitive psychology is the investigation of how people think and reason. Cognitive psychologists have explored how people form concepts, make decisions, solve problems, reason logically and creatively, and use language. [6] They have also examined how these processes can be influenced by biases, heuristics, emotions, social factors, and individual differences. [7] These insights have applications for domains such as artificial intelligence, law, medicine, business, and politics.

A third contribution of cognitive psychology is the development of cognitive therapies and interventions. Cognitive psychologists have recognized that many psychological problems are related to dysfunctional or distorted thinking patterns. [8] They have devised methods for identifying and modifying these patterns, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). [9] These approaches have been shown to be effective for treating various disorders, such as depression, anxiety, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and addiction. [10]

In conclusion, cognitive psychology is a relevant and influential branch of psychology that studies how the mind works and how it affects behavior. It has made significant contributions to our knowledge of learning, memory, thinking, reasoning, language, and cognition in general. It has also provided practical applications for improving education, training, decision making, problem solving, creativity, and mental health.

Works Cited

[1] “Cognitive Psychology: The Science of How We Think.” Verywell Mind. https://www.verywellmind.com/cognitive-psychology-4157181

[3] “Cognitive Approach in Psychology.” Simply Psychology. https://www.simplypsychology.org/cognitive.html

[10] “List of Psychological Disorders Treated by Cognitive Therapy.” Verywell Mind. https://www.verywellmind.com/psychological-disorders-treated-by-cognitive-therapy-2797650

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