In the early history of the United States, women faced significant limitations in both legal rights and social expectations (Cott, 1977). As you noted, women were largely confined to domestic duties and child-rearing, while being denied equal participation in the public sphere and workforce. The cult of domesticity promoted the ideal of “Republican Motherhood” wherein a woman’s role was to nurture patriotism and virtue in her family (Kerber, 1980).
However, the 19th century saw the beginning of major changes as a result of the women’s suffrage and abolitionist movements (Tetrault, 2014). Activists like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony fought to expand women’s rights through organizations like the National Woman Suffrage Association in 1869 (Cott, 1987). Their efforts helped establish women’s property rights and access to higher education. By the late 19th century, women had gained greater autonomy over their own lives through expanded rights to divorce and custody of children (Friedman, 1993).
The 20th century proved transformational for women’s rights in the U.S. The passage of the 19th amendment in 1920 guaranteed women’s constitutional right to vote nationwide (Flexner & Fitzpatrick, 1996). This paved the way for increased political participation and representation of women’s issues. During World War II, women entered the workforce in record numbers while men were deployed overseas, challenging traditional gender roles (Milkman, 1987). The feminist movement of the 1960s-70s advocated for legal and social equality, leading to landmark legislation like the 1963 Equal Pay Act and 1964 Civil Rights Act (Evans, 2012).
Today, women in the U.S. have achieved near-full equality under the law, with women’s representation in all levels of government and careers rising significantly (Banaszak, 2010). However, gender biases and disparities persist in areas like pay, leadership, and work-life balance (Warner, 2014; Glynn, 2019). Ongoing discussions center around issues like reproductive rights, discrimination, and modern concepts of femininity (Cotter et al., 2018; Hirschman, 2018). While progress has been made, continued advocacy is still needed to achieve full gender equity in both social and economic spheres.
In summary, the status of women in America has evolved tremendously from a historical emphasis on domesticity to today’s ideals of equal opportunity, rights and representation. Significant milestones like suffrage, anti-discrimination laws, and feminist movements have advanced women’s empowerment over the past century. However, gender biases persist and will require ongoing attention and progress in the years to come. Please let me know if you need any clarification or have additional questions.
Cott, N. F. (1977). The bonds of womanhood: “Woman’s sphere” in New England, 1780-1835. Yale University Press.
Kerber, L. K. (1980). Women of the republic: Intellect and ideology in revolutionary America. UNC Press Books.
Tetrault, L. (2014). The myth of seneca falls: Memory and the women’s suffrage revisited. UNC Press Books.
Cott, N. F. (1987). The grounding of modern feminism. Yale University Press.
Friedman, J. (1993). The closed circle: Women in the modern house of fiction. Yale University Press.
Flexner, E., & Fitzpatrick, E. (1996). Century of struggle: The woman’s rights movement in the United States. Harvard University Press.
Milkman, R. (1987). Gender at work: The dynamics of job segregation by sex during World War II. University of Illinois Press.
Evans, S. M. (2012). Born for liberty: A history of women in America. Simon and Schuster.
Banaszak, L. A. (2010). The women’s movement inside and outside the state. Cambridge University Press.
Warner, J. (2014, August 21). The women’s leadership gap. Center for American Progress. https://www.americanprogress.org/article/the-womens-leadership-gap/
Glynn, S. J. (2019, August 26). Breadwinning mothers continue to be the U.S. norm. Center for American Progress. https://www.americanprogress.org/article/breadwinning-mothers-continue-u-s-norm/
Cotter, D. A., Hermsen, J. M., Ovadia, S., & Vanneman, R. (2018). The glass ceiling effect. Social Forces, 96(2), 655-682. https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/sox050
Hirschman, C. (2018). Modern research essay writing service femininities and the rise of the American beauty myth. Contexts, 17(2), 32-37. https://doi.org/10.1177/1536504218776476
You may need additional resources from the University Library to complete this aactivity. Write a 750 to 1,050- word paper answering the following questions: The status of women in the United States tthroughout history one of the first things that you will see was that women had much fewer rights and they were not accepted in job places as the men were. Women were known as the mother of children who stayed home and also being the house wife that took care of all the household needs such as cleaning, cooking, and taking care of all the bills and finances that the husband brought home from long days of work.
Women always made sure that everything was in place and token care of. Men were thought of as the superior ones and the women were less of them, they were not able to work in the same positions as the men in work places, or have card night with a few drinks with their friends. The women’s role was to take care of all the chores within the home such as the laundry,ironing,cleaning of the home including dusting, taking care of the children and the mearns responsibility was all the labor chores of the outside such as the yard faintness, plowing the snow, they would be the ones to go hunt and fish.
Many things have changed from the history of women that is present in the U. S. today once the 20th contrary came around women were given the right to vote as well as the right to be treated equally to men in the work environment. The women today have all the rights as everyone else of the opposite sex and have learned how to be dependent on them now instead of on their spouse. The wages for women are not any less of the men and are able to receive positions anywhere as a man would be in.
You see women in politics trying to stand up for what could be good for our nations and is allowed to voice their own opinions on issues and problems that we are facing within our nation. You also now see women being police officers, firefighters and other law enforcement jobs. Some examples of concepts or constructions of masculinity and feminine that we see in the society and in the media are everywhere in today’s life. I will start when it all starts and this is in children. We know that pink is for girls and blue is for boys.
The girls toys are dolls, play make up and princess outfits while the boys toys are cars and trucks, guns, super heroes figuring’s and outfits. The teenage life we see the girls are about makeup, their hair styles, brawls, and making sure that they have the top of the line outfits that looks just right. The boy’s are into sports, and cars, and what cologne will make the girls want them. As adults we see how the mother is taking care of the children and what will help them with this and we see that for men it is about vehicle, sports, and sex appeal.
Following its passage by the United States Congress. (www. gsaday. org) Some of the social and political issues relevant to women and GLBT people in the U. S. are the respect that they get from others and the dincriminating ways others put on them just because they are women or apart of the GLBT community. I feel that there are many people that are out in this world that will live their lives just to make the lives of women and GLBT people harder for no reason other than to make them feel better.
We are finally seeing both in politics and earning their respect that is needed but it is still harder for them to get where they are just because of what they are. I feel that one day will be better than what it is today and it is up to all of us to find the ways to get us all there are do it. It a big team job but it is possible to see the stereotyping, discrimination, and racism become little to nothing in our Nation. This is why I will have faith forever to see a change soon.