All through the era, one can already make a separate dictionary for the good variety of Filipino slang phrases created. Nevertheless one time period can undoubtedly catch one’s consideration, which is strictly what the time period’s that means is. Have you ever ever been in a state of affairs the place an individual has been referred to as epal? What precisely is being epal? City Dictionary defines it as ‘an individual who goes right into a state of affairs whereby his presence shouldn’t be wanted or in a spot he doesn’t belong’.
The time period epal has been derived from the phrase ‘pumapapel’ or ‘mapapel’ which suggests somebody who intervenes with affairs of others or impedes with the considerations of a gaggle with no relation to him with the intention of making an attempt to change into the focus. It may be inferred that it’s an instance of salitang kalye or balbal in Filipino language and has an unclear etymology.
Though unclear is its roots, epal is just like different Filipino slang phrases and it’s sure that there’s a catalyst for these phrases to be created.
Therefore, it isn’t solely about utilizing epal as both an insult or a label as a result of it is usually a component of language variation. Relevantly, slang phrases are codes or “mechanisms” that mirror social consciousness or circumstances taking place round a person (Newsome, n.d.) The time period could be traced to the tradition of the Philippines. Understanding that it’s a part of our language and tradition, it’s must be elaborated for it permits the invention of the sample of formation of phrases prefer it and what it has to do with our id. This one phrase might even determine the picture of Filipino society within the micro-level.
The time period epal is a proof of the range of the Filipino language due to its connotation prior to now and current, affect to society and contrasting themes with different related phrases within the Philippines. On account of being a mainstream adverse label for somebody, the attribute of epal has prolonged to the utilization within the social and political dimension. There are a whole bunch of conditions one can acknowledge somebody as epal. Within the social scene, media would possibly use epal as an attention-grabbing factor in a present. One can think about a lady along with her rapidly beating coronary heart, and blushing cheeks that appear like roses blossoming and glowing eyes hidden and centered on the bottom to avert the eyes directed towards her.
In an not noticeable location after faculty hours, she referred to as this boy stuffed with dedication however now it was as if her braveness was being drained from her. Presently, she is standing earlier than the person of her desires and is able to confess her overflowing emotion. Each are anxious of their presence and what’s about to occur. Starting to clarify, she spoke to the boy in a soft-spoken but decided voice. As quickly as she was about to admit her pure and deep love, the entire ambiance is ruined and the temper is after a instructor appeared. The romance between the princess and the prince is destroyed by the dragon and to what they thought was going to be their completely happy ending, it ended painfully earlier than it even started.
An epal is an individual who intervenes with folks or thwarts plans. In a political scene, once more one can think about an individual strolling down the road, and he sees posters all over the place of incompetent politicians declaring their vow to the progress of this nation. It was the identical vow they made in the course of the earlier marketing campaign interval the place they received, and at present their guarantees are insubstantial. Fully infuriated by this, he goes residence and tries to ease his thoughts so he turned the tv on to observe his favorite present.
Giggles and tears had been expressed; the individual was concentrated assuredly on the present for the storyline was reaching its climax. Then, the epal struck as soon as extra; a marketing campaign commercial confirmed the identical shameless politician, who pretended to assist the adults and youngsters by giving them items and smiles at a populated squatter space. At such a untimely interval, he was already campaigning and selling his kupal facet. An epal is one who schemes and will get as a lot alternative as attainable to get consideration. To tell apart additional, an epal is characterised as: first, he’s handled like an outcast when he’s forcing his approach in to a gaggle he doesn’t belong or he isn’t welcome in.
Second, an individual who assigns himself with extra work so he appears the nice man within the group however really he receives pity and the work he assigned for himself is given to others so he’s left with none. He’s a crafty additional character in a film making an attempt to create his personal script within the movie, so he can get the credit score for the success of the film and get extra consideration. Boosting the ego by way of vexatious methods, it’s what an epal does. As is every other time period, there should have been a trigger as to why slang phrases are fashioned. Although epal has a imprecise etymology, it has motivators for it to be built-in within the Filipino vocabulary.
First, based on Zorc (1993), Filipinos set up the thought of a slang terminology “by borrowing from different languages, by giving new meanings to pre-existing phrases by coining or creating authentic types, or by utilizing numbers as a type of “in-group codes” (as cited in Derivation of Slang Phrases, para. 1) The reason for the existence of epal could be recognized as coinage, or invented phrases fully or virtually various from the phrases that they had been based mostly on. It has reshaped the time period by way of the method of metathesis and discount.
Metathesis or agglutination is solely the rearrangement of sounds and syllables in a phrase to provide new phrases that will or might not have the identical that means as the unique phrase (Derivation of Slang Phrases, n.d.). Through the 1970s, the method of agglutination change into well-liked and it is likely to be the explanation why now we have epal (Tan, 2009). Discount is the truncation or elimination of a letter or a gaggle of letters in a phrase. Instance of those are Erap from the phrase pare (brother or pal), in addition to yosi and siga (a brute) from sigarilyo (cigarette). Second, the possible reason behind the creation of epal, just like different salitang kalye at balbal, is being relative to the state of affairs the time period epal was fashioned. The result’s a product that fits its social setting.
Epal’s locus and time period of creation has influenced and contextualized the time period. Areas of the masa, or the center and decrease class Filipinos and additional popularized by the media is the possible origin of epal. It’s confirmed that slang phrases usually tend to flourish within the scene of the masa however it isn’t absolute in all circumstances for even in faculty or in different numerous settings, folks create their very own slang, jargon and register. Consequently, epal is proof that our language is diversified and made extra distinctive, by way of its common utilization fairly than utilizing international language. Epal has observantly contributed to our media and politics. In social context, media has made it well-known as a result of celebrities, hosts, and showbiz gossip folks use it; it has change into a staple label for folks regardless whether or not they deserve it or not. One other impact could be that media has used epal characters continuously in comedy applications and use them for humor in romantic reveals or rom-coms briefly.
They’re portrayed as people who find themselves annoying and uncontrollably butts in conversations, break up friendship amongst folks, or somebody who likes to brag and current himself to different uninterested folks. He’s a typical idiot or clown. In political context, DSWD has used the time period and launched its program after this. The “Anti-epal” marketing campaign is towards the “epals” in our group. These are politicians and political teams that ‘use the Conditional Money Switch Program, also called PantawidPamilyang Pilipino Program, to threaten beneficiaries and reap the benefits of their roles within the forthcoming elections (Fernandez, 2013).
The epals right here have the identical essence because the social context however has built-in it into their very own situations. these situations, epal is a slang time period created by and for distributors, pedicab drivers or loiterers on the street. It could actually symbolize a cry for patriotism and alter. These results present that even a time period like epal impacts not solely our language but additionally the folks themselves. From the distinctive time period epal, different phrases have branched out from it equivalent to kupal and kapalmuks. The number of such artistic phrases in Filipino slang vocabulary is just too many to determine; its utilization altering by way of intervals of time and its development fluctuating by way of succeeding generations. Epal, kupal and kapalmuks have been used interchangeably however in reality they differ in: illustration and diploma.
The phrase kupal originated from the language of Cebu. Comparable as epal, kupal can be a grasp within the discipline of being an irksome pest nevertheless it particularly means an obnoxious individual. Moreover, it could be described as an individual doing irresponsible actions and being unaware of its penalties. The diploma of the time period kupal is larger than epal as a result of it expresses a stronger feeling of frustration when one is named kupal. Therefore, it will probably solely be used as an insult. An individual being kupal might not really all the time be impudent, but the individual will all the time be thought of repugnant. An occasion could possibly be every time an individual makes selections with out good discretion and this mistaken judgement has prompted grave outcomes to him and others as nicely.
First side of a kupal is that the individual lies continuously and blatantly to get what he needs. The second side of a kupal is that the individual recklessly does issues and insensitively includes folks with him. In the end, the first distinction between epal from kupal is the depth of each phrases’ to denominate a person’s acrimony to an individual. Conversely, kapalmuks is pure shamelessness. It’s the contraction of the Filipino phrase “kapal ng mukha” which precisely means being thick-faced or to be put merely haven’t any sense of modesty in oneself. Each kapalmuk and epal are virtually synonymous with one another. Each are vainglorious and egotistic, however epal tends to meddle with folks’s companies whereas a kapalmuk fixes himself in displaying off for the reward.
Kapalmuks is the state of shamelessness to the intense diploma, better than an epal. An epal would possibly self-promote by way of folks, or social channels like giving himself many of the credit score for a venture that he had negligible collaboration with (Esguerra, 2011). Overtly moving into an affair and wanting to assist very pretentiously, an epal positive factors reputation along with his non-existent contributions and options. Randy David of Inquirer claimed this to be the “new narcissism” (De Veas Insigne, 2011) Contrariwise, a kapalmuk affiliate himself with folks to hunt consideration fairly he would highlight himself.
In a clearer method, a kapalmuk is personified and could be seen right here within the Philippines the place partitions of cities are was picture albums or scrapbooks by politicians. In all places, they put tarpaulins, posters, advertisements, infograph and different propaganda of politicians about themselves. The affected are simply not facades, buildings or electrical posts; license plate, permits, and so forth. are additionally marked by politicians’ faces. Though an epal could be insupportable, a kapalmuk could be disgraceful to himself and different folks. Regardless of arguments claiming slang phrases within the language of Filipinos for example epal, astig, damulag, bulalo, and jologs as detrimental to our tradition for it makes our language a lowly, menial and ineffective medium in communication, slang phrases are literally one attribute of language which represents range on the identical time solidarity.
Coinages of Filipino phrases show that the language is ever evolving. It doesn’t matter whether it is barbaric or jargon however the necessary factor is that these phrases convey some side of fact on the planet. The time period epal then, represents the reality of getting an exasperating character whether or not in actual life or in a TV present. An individual being epal is characterised as an outcast of in a gaggle or a prideful additional in a film. Comparable as any slang phrase, it has its origin and in the course of the development of deriving slang within the 70s, epal took its type from the phrase ‘pumapapel’. Its results to the Philippine group are that it’s a recurring theme within the leisure facet and has been used to label folks from the political enviornment. Epal might merely describe an consideration looking for individual however that is only a manifested objective of the time period. Its latent objective is likely to be to depict folks within the nation which can be damaging this society.
The importance of phrases in our language equivalent to epal is not only to know an outline for an enemy you’ve gotten, it’s far more complicated than that. In accordance with Gibbs (1994), Slang could be outlined as “dynamic number of language that’s used to point out solidarity and claimin-group membership” (as cited in Newsome, para. 2). It’s on this mild that we will deduce that when one tradition creates slang it implies that persons are snug with the folks they’re mingling with and this strengthens the affiliation between a gaggle both by way of race, language, perception, and so forth.
Therefore, it’s proper to say that bekimons, homosexual folks within the Philippines, don’t simply cluster round their sexual orientation but additionally the language that they converse of.
Lodge in his work “The Pragmatics of Slang” concisely defined it in his first of three options of language variation, that “a broad and growing lexicon is important so as to categorical the ‘nuances’ of human feelings and private id and experiences” We create these slang phrases as a result of these phrases embody our troubles and our persona; the entire essence of us. Phrases imply nothing if these don’t assist outline concepts and ideas of the folks. The phrase epal entails the thought of the era when it was made and is getting used. Thus, epal might, sooner or later, disappear within the following generations however the language of Filipinos will nonetheless be evolving.
Arriola, B. So what’s epal (2012, September 03) Retrieved from <http://weblog.benjarriola.com/2012/09/03/so-whats-epal/> Beltran, C. Past epal…it’s kapal (2012, September 12) Retrieved from https://www.studyproessay.com/write-my-paper/ <philstar.com/opinion/2012-09-12/848028/beyond-epal-its-kapal/> De Guzman, L. Within the know: ‘Epal’ (2011, November 04) Retrieved from <http://newsinfo.inquirer.web/87787/in-the-know-%E2%80%98epalpercentE2%80%997/> De Veas Insigne, Y. (2011, November 17) Anti-epal invoice is okay however how in regards to the kapalmuks? Retrieved from https://www.studyproessay.com/write-my-paper/yodisphere.com/2011/11/anti-epal-bill-is-ok-but-how-about.html DSWD to launch anti-epal marketing campaign (2013, February 03) Retrieved from <https://www.studyproessay.com/write-my-paper/sunstar.com.ph/baguio/local-news/2013/02/03/dswd-launch-anti-epal-campaign-206290/> Epal : Pinoy Slang. (n.d.) Retrieved from<http://pinoyslang.com/> Epal : City Dictionary (n.d) Retrieved from <http://urbandictionary.com/> Esguerra, C. V. (2011, November 04) Sen. Santiago to disgrace useless politicians through ‘anti-epal’ invoice” Philippine Every day Inquirer. Retrieved from <http://newsinfo.inquirer.web/87821/sen-santiago-to-shame-vain-politicians