The years between 1900 and 1920 had been generally known as the Progressive Period. Throughout this time interval, the US skilled reforms by the folks and reforms led to by the federal authorities at a nationwide stage. There have been many points throughout this time interval like little one labor, the formation of trusts and monopolies, unhealthy working circumstances, and mistreatment of the working class. The efforts to reform these points had been both utterly unsuccessful or profitable with limitations. One of many points that occurred throughout this time was the horrible working and unsanitary circumstances in factories.
A manufacturing facility that notably stood out was the meat packing business. The soiled and disgusting circumstances precipitated folks to get sick and die of assorted illnesses. Issues like this precipitated the emergence of Muckrakers, reporters that labored to show the true story. An instance of this was Upton Sinclair and his novel “The Jungle”, that warned Individuals concerning the horrors of the meat packing business. This type of publicity led to reforms, just like the formations of the FDA that may test factories for sanitary circumstances (Doc B).
One other factor that folks felt wanted to be reformed was little one labor. Most youngsters barely bought a faculty training, and went straight to work in factories as a way to assist assist their households. As a result of this sort of life-style was inevitable for a lot of kids, reformers handed legal guidelines to set a minimal age for when kids can start to work(Doc C). Nonetheless, legal guidelines like this had been minimally profitable as a result of kids would go to high school till the brand new minimal age that they might, after which proceed to drop out as a way to work in factories.
One other reform that was drastically centered on throughout this time interval was the ladies’s rights motion. Girls fought for the fitting and talent to get extra concerned in outdoors life and authorities (Doc H). One of many largest successes throughout this time was the ratification of the 19th Modification which gave girls the fitting to vote. It’s now very clear that the folks labored to assist result in reform; nonetheless, the federal authorities additionally led to reform at a nationwide stage throughout this time interval.
In his speech, Theodore Roosevelt introduced concerning the reform of direct election of senators. This meant that the folks would now have the ability to straight elect their senators in the identical approach that they elect their president. This was a profitable reform as a result of it caught with the American folks from 1912, when this speech was given, till now. There have been some legal guidelines that had been handed by the federal authorities that weren’t very profitable when it got here to reform. For instance, the Clayton Antitrust Act that was towards the creation of trusts and monopolies.
It needed to kill competitors by declaring that issues shouldn’t be totally different costs as a result of that results in competitors, which finally results in the destruction of small companies and the creation of monopolies. The legislation made sense when it got here to eliminating monopolies, however it was unsuccessful due to its concept to kill competitors (Doc E). On prime of that, with these new legal guidelines, the federal authorities couldn’t differentiate between good trusts and unhealthy trusts, in order that they ended up destroying all of them (Doc A). The Hammer v.
Dagenhart case notably stood out throughout this time interval. It argued about whether or not the federal government ought to have the ability to management interstate commerce and transportation of merchandise made by the labor of overworked kids below the age of sixteen. The ultimate ruling transcended the authority delegated to Congress over commerce by the Structure (Doc G). All in all, the interval from 1900- 1920 was an period of reform and that’s why it is named the Progressive Period. The folks led to reforms when it got here to little one labor, exposing the reality about factories, and girls’s rights.
The federal authorities additionally led to reforms about monopolies, labor, training, and way more. Nonetheless these reforms had been profitable with sure limitations. For instance, when it got here to trusts, the federal government killed all of them whether or not they had been good or unhealthy. As Herbert Croly believed, President Wilson was a wise man however he was not pondering realistically. The nationwide authorities can’t simply go just a few legal guidelines of reform and count on all of society’s ills to be healed. Society wants extra legal guidelines with stricter enforcement as a way to present a really profitable interval of reform (Doc F).