TOPIC: Analyze ethical and legal concepts, including specific federal regulations, required of health care organizations to ensure the delivery of high quality health care that protects patient safety. Outline and Bibliography attached. Research RequirementsAcademic research and papers must meet certain standards of quality that are recognized by the academic community. What constitutes quality academic research?The use of primary (original), credible sources written by experts in the field of study. Ensuring secondary sources are supported by research in primary sources. Making sure all research is relevant and that material used is pertinent to the area of study. In graduate work, the use of peer-reviewed journal articles (journal articles reviewed by recognized experts in the relevant field of study) is required. Keep in mind that educational websites may be appropriate, in some cases, but should be evaluated carefully. The Ashford University Library offers many excellent databases and other resources to assist you in conducting scholarly research. What sources are not acceptable for academic research and referencing?Encyclopedias Dictionaries Wikipedia, other wikis, or blogs Websites and other sources that do not provide quality researched materials (e.g., they do not use credible sources to support the information in the document). All research must reflect professional academic protocol and must be documented according to APA standards as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.Creating the Final Project You may choose to present your research is the form of an eight- to ten-page research paper (excluding title and reference pages) or a comprehensive 10- to 15-slide PowerPoint presentation (excluding title and reference slides) with detailed speaker notes. In either case, the content of the assignment must include each of the elements listed below: Introduction Describe the issue. Include why it was selected, the perspective of your approach to the issue, and the scope of the paper or presentation. In essence, describe in this area what is being covered. Be specific and to the point. This is an important part of the project as it engages the reader and sets the scope of the research. Statement of the Issue to be Investigated Describe why the topic is a relevant problem or issue. It is important to provide literature sources in support of the importance of the need/issue/topic. For example, if you are interested in researching the issue of nutrition in early childhood brain development among American children – cite literature identifying the scope of the problem (for example: the number of malnourished children, the implications of malnourishment on learning and brain development; and long term implications). Overall, this section should detail what makes this topic or issue so important that you are spending time and energy researching it. What is the impact of the problem if nothing is done to correct the situation? Research Sources This section documents the relevant research reflecting the topic of the Final Project. In this section, paraphrased narratives of the actual research studies are reported and should represent the current research related to the topic area. In general, your research should:Identify your chosen topic and what has happened in the specific research of the topic (describe the study, sample, findings, important points from the discussion in the research article, and any variables that may influence the findings of the research). Discuss any key elements of the topic that may be instructional, legal, ethical, social, etc. (what is projected if nothing is done? what has been tried?). Support this section with relevant resource citations. Provide an analysis of the research articles used, including: explaining what was done in the study, what the target population was, information about who did the research (the author), what was found with the study, and any implications of the findings to your topic or issue. Conclusion In this section, provide a general, but thorough summary reviewing: why the topic was selected; the problem or issue briefly stated; the approach that was used; findings; and solutions. In this section, the reader or audience should have a good idea of what the researcher did and what was found. References The references should be listed on a new page or slide and must be formatted according to APA requirements as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. You must use a minimum of six to eight scholarly sources.
ETHICAL AND LEGAL CONCEPTS REQUIRED TO ENSURE HIGH QUALITY HEALTHCARE
Healthcare organizations have an ethical and legal obligation to deliver high quality and safe care to patients. This paper analyzes key concepts that uphold this duty, with a focus on specific federal regulations. It outlines how adherence to ethical standards and compliance with patient safety laws can help healthcare systems achieve excellent outcomes.
Statement of the Issue
Mistakes and lapses in care can have severe consequences for patients. A 2010 study found medical errors to be the third leading cause of death in the U.S., accounting for over 250,000 deaths annually (Makary & Daniel, 2016). Ensuring quality and minimizing risks require diligence from all levels of a healthcare system.
Patient Autonomy: Respecting patients’ right to make informed decisions is fundamental. This involves obtaining proper consent, disclosing treatment options and risks, and respecting refusal or limitation of care (Beauchamp & Childress, 2019).
Patient Privacy: Strict compliance with HIPAA is necessary to protect sensitive health information (HHS, 2023). Breaches can result in hefty fines and loss of patient trust.
Informed Consent: Providers must disclose treatment details, alternatives, material risks and benefits to allow patients to weigh options and consent (Faden et al., 2013). The process aims to respect autonomy while avoiding non-consensual contact.
Medical Errors and Adverse Events: Systems should have robust processes to identify, report, analyze and learn from mistakes in a just culture. This includes compliance with CMS quality reporting and hospital accreditation standards (CMS, 2023; The Joint Commission, 2023).
Upholding ethical duties of beneficence, non-maleficence and respect for patient autonomy, along with complying with relevant regulations, can help healthcare organizations deliver high quality, safe and effective care. Strong quality and risk management protocols are necessary to protect patients and the integrity of the medical system.
Beauchamp, T. L., & Childress, J. F. (2019). Principles of biomedical ethics (8th ed.). Oxford University Press.
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (2023). Quality, safety & oversight – general information. https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Provider-Enrollment-and-Certification/SurveyCertificationGenInfo
Faden, R., Beauchamp, T. L., & King, N. M. P. (2013). A history and theory of informed consent. Oxford University Press.
Health and Human Services. (2023). Summary of the HIPAA privacy rule. https://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-professionals/privacy/laws-regulations/index.html
Makary, M. A., & Daniel, M. (2016). Medical error—the third leading cause of death in the US. BMJ, 353. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i2139
The Joint Commission. (2023). Patient safety. https://www.jointcommission.org/resources/patient-safety-topics/